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Chapter 6, Lesson 1 Expanding Overseas Mr. Julian’s 5th Grade Class Mr. Julian’s 5th Grade Class.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6, Lesson 1 Expanding Overseas Mr. Julian’s 5th Grade Class Mr. Julian’s 5th Grade Class."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6, Lesson 1 Expanding Overseas Mr. Julian’s 5th Grade Class Mr. Julian’s 5th Grade Class

2 Gotta Know  What were the causes and events of the Spanish- American War?

3 Places  Hawaii  Puerto Rico  Cuba  Panama Canal  Hawaii  Puerto Rico  Cuba  Panama Canal

4 People  William Seward  Lilliuokalani - Lilly  Theodore Roosevelt  Walter Reed  John Stevens  William Seward  Lilliuokalani - Lilly  Theodore Roosevelt  Walter Reed  John Stevens

5 Vocabulary  Yellow journalism  Spanish-American War  Rough Riders  Buffalo Soldiers  Isthmus  Yellow journalism  Spanish-American War  Rough Riders  Buffalo Soldiers  Isthmus

6 Alaska  Russia wanted to sell Alaska for $0.02 per acre.  They were afraid they would lose the land, so they decided to sell it.  William Seward wanted to see the U.S. grow.  Due to the Civil War, Seward had to wait on Alaska.  Russia wanted to sell Alaska for $0.02 per acre.  They were afraid they would lose the land, so they decided to sell it.  William Seward wanted to see the U.S. grow.  Due to the Civil War, Seward had to wait on Alaska.

7 Alaska  On March 30, 1867, the U.S. would buy Alaska for $7.2 million in gold.  The U.S. Senate approved the sale in April 1867, and the House the following year.  Most Americans thought it was a foolish purchase.  Gold was soon discovered in Alaska, and the purchase soon seemed like a good idea.  On March 30, 1867, the U.S. would buy Alaska for $7.2 million in gold.  The U.S. Senate approved the sale in April 1867, and the House the following year.  Most Americans thought it was a foolish purchase.  Gold was soon discovered in Alaska, and the purchase soon seemed like a good idea.

8 Hawaii  Hawaii is a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean.  As people from Europe discovered Hawaii, they brought many tools, animals, crops,and ideas with them.  The first King of Hawaii welcomed these changes.  Hawaii is a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean.  As people from Europe discovered Hawaii, they brought many tools, animals, crops,and ideas with them.  The first King of Hawaii welcomed these changes.

9 Hawaii  Lilluokalani, “Lilly” became the first queen in  She felt that Hawaii should be for Hawaiians.  Most of the foreigners were not willing to leave their profitable business.  These business owners revolted against the queen forcing her to give up her power.  In July 1898, Hawaii became annexed to the U.S.  Lilluokalani, “Lilly” became the first queen in  She felt that Hawaii should be for Hawaiians.  Most of the foreigners were not willing to leave their profitable business.  These business owners revolted against the queen forcing her to give up her power.  In July 1898, Hawaii became annexed to the U.S.

10 Causes of the Spanish-American War  Spain’s empire had been reduced to just 2 islands, Puerto Rico and Cuba in the Western Hemisphere.  Cuba revolted against the Spanish rule.  The Cuban people lost the fight but there were many American business in Cuba as well.  Spain’s empire had been reduced to just 2 islands, Puerto Rico and Cuba in the Western Hemisphere.  Cuba revolted against the Spanish rule.  The Cuban people lost the fight but there were many American business in Cuba as well.

11 Causes of the Spanish-American War  In January 1898, the U.S. sent the battleship U.S.S. Maine to protect the U.S. interests.  On February 15, 1898 the U.S.S. Maine exploded.  Newspapers reported that the Spanish caused the explosion.  Reporting false facts is called yellow journalism.  In January 1898, the U.S. sent the battleship U.S.S. Maine to protect the U.S. interests.  On February 15, 1898 the U.S.S. Maine exploded.  Newspapers reported that the Spanish caused the explosion.  Reporting false facts is called yellow journalism.

12 Causes of the Spanish-American War  With newspapers reporting that Spain’s responsibility in the Maine’s explosion, the American people called for action.  “Remember the Maine” could be heard throughout the land.  Congress declared war with Spain on April 25, 1898, beginning the Spanish-American War.  With newspapers reporting that Spain’s responsibility in the Maine’s explosion, the American people called for action.  “Remember the Maine” could be heard throughout the land.  Congress declared war with Spain on April 25, 1898, beginning the Spanish-American War.

13 War with Spain  Spain had other colonies that the U.S. was interested in.  The U.S. first attacked the Spanish fleet in the Philippines, destroying it completely.  American’s from all over prepared for war.  Theodore Roosevelt, the assistant secretary of the navy, resigned his job to fight in the war.  Spain had other colonies that the U.S. was interested in.  The U.S. first attacked the Spanish fleet in the Philippines, destroying it completely.  American’s from all over prepared for war.  Theodore Roosevelt, the assistant secretary of the navy, resigned his job to fight in the war.

14 War with Spain  Roosevelt put together a group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and rich young men.  He called his soldiers “Rough Riders.”  Another group called for service were the Buffalo Soldiers, or African American soldiers.  The American's fought the Spanish in Cuba’s tropical forest and hills.  Roosevelt put together a group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and rich young men.  He called his soldiers “Rough Riders.”  Another group called for service were the Buffalo Soldiers, or African American soldiers.  The American's fought the Spanish in Cuba’s tropical forest and hills.

15 War with Spain  The Spanish were defeated at the Battle of San Juan Hill.  Teddy Roosevelt’s Rough Riders were given credit for the victory but they actually did not fight in the actual battle.battle  The war ended in August The war ended in August 1898  ndid.html ndid.html  The Spanish were defeated at the Battle of San Juan Hill.  Teddy Roosevelt’s Rough Riders were given credit for the victory but they actually did not fight in the actual battle.battle  The war ended in August The war ended in August 1898  ndid.html ndid.html

16 Results of War  The U.S. gained control of Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam as a result of the victory.  Cuba earned its independence and was protected by the U.S. for a few years.  The Philippines gained its independence in  Puerto Rico and Guam remain U.S. territories.  The U.S. gained control of Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam as a result of the victory.  Cuba earned its independence and was protected by the U.S. for a few years.  The Philippines gained its independence in  Puerto Rico and Guam remain U.S. territories.

17 Results of War  The U.S. showed that it had become a world power.  Teddy Roosevelt became very popular back home.  He was soon elected governor of New York and later became President of the United States.  The U.S. showed that it had become a world power.  Teddy Roosevelt became very popular back home.  He was soon elected governor of New York and later became President of the United States.

18 Panama Canal  After the war Teddy Roosevelt felt that a big reason for the U.S. victory was its strong navy.  Roosevelt wanted to link the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to protect U.S. interests.  It has been decided that a canal should be built across the isthmus of Panama.  After the war Teddy Roosevelt felt that a big reason for the U.S. victory was its strong navy.  Roosevelt wanted to link the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to protect U.S. interests.  It has been decided that a canal should be built across the isthmus of Panama.

19 Panama Canal  Before any action could be taken the U.S. had to control the land.  Panama belonged to Colombia and they refused to give it up.  The U.S. helped the Panamanian people fight a revolutionary war to gain their independence from Colombia.  Before any action could be taken the U.S. had to control the land.  Panama belonged to Colombia and they refused to give it up.  The U.S. helped the Panamanian people fight a revolutionary war to gain their independence from Colombia.

20 Panama Canal  Although the war was successful, Teddy Roosevelt paid $10 million to the rebels of Panama for the rights to build the canal.  These rebels did not represent the Panamanian government, an issue President Carter would have to deal with in the 1970’s.  Although the war was successful, Teddy Roosevelt paid $10 million to the rebels of Panama for the rights to build the canal.  These rebels did not represent the Panamanian government, an issue President Carter would have to deal with in the 1970’s.

21 Panama Canal  The second problem in building the canal was disease.  A doctor named Walter Reed discovered that mosquitoes carried many of the diseases.  Crews drained the water where mosquitoes laid their eggs.  The second problem in building the canal was disease.  A doctor named Walter Reed discovered that mosquitoes carried many of the diseases.  Crews drained the water where mosquitoes laid their eggs.

22 Panama Canal  The last problem was the terrain of Panama.  John Stevens was hired as the project chief.  He made many improvements for the people of Panama.  On August 15, 1914 the Panama Canal opened for shipping.  The last problem was the terrain of Panama.  John Stevens was hired as the project chief.  He made many improvements for the people of Panama.  On August 15, 1914 the Panama Canal opened for shipping.

23 Panama Today  The U.S. protected Panama and the canal for many years.  In 1964 the people in Panama wanted control of their own land.  They realized that the deal Teddy Roosevelt was not legal.  In the late 1970’s some people threatened to destroy the canal if Panama did not gain control of there own land.  In 1977 President Carter signed an agreement giving the Panama Canal back to it’s people in  The U.S. protected Panama and the canal for many years.  In 1964 the people in Panama wanted control of their own land.  They realized that the deal Teddy Roosevelt was not legal.  In the late 1970’s some people threatened to destroy the canal if Panama did not gain control of there own land.  In 1977 President Carter signed an agreement giving the Panama Canal back to it’s people in 2000.

24 Timeline  The U.S. buys Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million  July Hawaii was annexed by the U.S.  August Spanish-American War ended with a U.S. victory.  Panama Canal opened.  The U.S. buys Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million  July Hawaii was annexed by the U.S.  August Spanish-American War ended with a U.S. victory.  Panama Canal opened.


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