3 Causes of Spanish American War American Sympathy towards Cuban Fight for Freedom against Spanish Rule“Butcher” Weyler forced 300,000 Cuban Rebels into concentration campsMonroe Doctrine – chance to get Spain out of Western HemisphereEconomic Interests – sugar plantationsYellow Journalism – American Press got American’s behind going to warSpark: Sinking of the USS Maine
4 Yellow JournalismA type of journalism that distorts and exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readersWilliam Randolph Hearst vs Joseph Pulitzer.New York Journal New York World
5 1.What is most noticeable about the example? 2. How is this media making people feel?3. How would this influence or change peoples mind?
6 Characteristics of Yellow Journalism Headlines in huge print, often of minor newsMany pictures, or imaginary drawingsuse of faked interviews, misleading headlines, and false information from so-called expertsdramatic sympathy with the "underdog" against the system.Emotional words and symbols; scare tactics
10 Important Events Sinking of the USS Maine 266 US Servicemen are killedBlamed on a Spanish mineAdmiral Dewey – Surprise attack on the Spanish Fleet in Manila HarborAll Spanish Ships are SunkSpanish Defeated in Battle of San Juan HillT. Roosevelt led the “Rough Riders” to victorySpain signs Treat of Paris Ending the War
11 Effects of the Spanish American War US becomes an Imperialist PowerGuam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines become colonies of the USCuba gains its independence from Spain, but becomes a US ProtectorateUS will “protect” and partially control CubaPhilippine rebels wanting independence declare war on US
13 Which of the following is not a cause of the Spanish American War Monroe DoctrineDesire for economic opportunitySympathy for the SpanishSinking of the Battleship MaineYellow Journalism
14 Which of the following is not an effect of the Spanish American War? US became an imperialistic powerCuba became a US ProtectorateFilipino rebels declared war on the USSpain’s colonies were free
15 Which of the following defines Yellow Journalism Factual, Unbiased newsDistorted or Exaggerated newsA type of news that no longer exists todayProven news written by experts
16 AssignmentFrom some event in Ch. 7.4 or the Spanish American War video clip, design the front page of a newspaper in the “sensational” style of Hearst and Pulitzer. Use a blank 8 ½ by 11 inch piece of paper – include headlines (both large and small) and include some pictures.Ideas: Purchase of Alaska from Russia, Mexican American War, “Butcher Weyler’s” treatment of Cubans, Annexation of Hawaii
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