Presentation on theme: "America’s Rise to World Power"— Presentation transcript:
1 America’s Rise to World Power U.S. Expansionist Policies
2 How did the U.S. follow a foreign policy of imperialism during the late 1800’s and early 1900’s?
3 A Shift in Foreign Policy Goals Isolationism-Imperialism-
4 Reasons for U.S. Expansionism Economic InterestsMilitary InterestsBeliefs in Cultural Superiority
5 US Purchase of AlaskaAlaska was purchased from Russia in What else was going on in the U.S. during that general time period?Why did some American’s call this purchase “Seward’s Folly?”Was it a foolish purchase?
6 The Annexation of Hawaii American merchant ships had been stopping in Hawaii since the late 1700sAmerican missionaries founded schools and churches there in the 1820sAmericans eventually controlled most of Hawaii’s sugar cane plantationsIn 1891 American’s organized a “revolution” in which Queen Liliuokalani was overthrownThe U.S. annexed Hawaii as a territory in 1898
7 Spanish-American War 1898The Cubans had been fighting with Spain for their independence since the 1870sAmerican newspapers printed dramatic stories, supporting the Cuban cause.What other factors would draw the U.S. into a war with Spain in 1898?→ The publishing of the DeLome letter→The Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine
8 The Impact of the Spanish-American War U.S. gained the island of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean, as well as Guam and the Philippines in the South Pacific to govern as colonies.By defeating the Spanish, the American navy achieved world-wide recognition.America became known as a more powerful nation.
9 What does this cartoon suggest about American attitudes following the Spanish-American War?
10 China Open Door PolicyThroughout the 1800s, European powers had established colonies or “spheres of influence” throughout AsiaFollowing the Spanish-American War, US Secretary of State, John Hay wrote letters to China, Japan and the European countries suggesting the China should be opened for international tradeThis succeeded in breaking down barriers to US trade with China
11 U.S. Imperialism in Latin America Cuba-1898Puerto Rico-1898Panama-1903Dominican Republic-1905Honduras and Nicaragua-1909Mexico-1914Haiti-1915The U.S. had financial supervision or military troops in all these countries between 1898 and 1920
12 Vocabulary Review Boxer Rebellion Panama Canal Imperialism Roosevelt CorollaryBig Stick DiplomacyCubaPuerto RicoPhilippinesGuamGreat White FleetImperialismWilliam SewardQueen LiliuokalaniSpanish-American WarU.S.S. MaineRough RidersPlatt Amendmentspheres of influenceOpen Door Policy