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America’s Rise to World Power

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Presentation on theme: "America’s Rise to World Power"— Presentation transcript:

1 America’s Rise to World Power
U.S. Expansionist Policies

2 How did the U.S. follow a foreign policy of imperialism during the late 1800’s and early 1900’s?

3 A Shift in Foreign Policy Goals
Isolationism- Imperialism-

4 Reasons for U.S. Expansionism
Economic Interests Military Interests Beliefs in Cultural Superiority

5 US Purchase of Alaska Alaska was purchased from Russia in What else was going on in the U.S. during that general time period? Why did some American’s call this purchase “Seward’s Folly?” Was it a foolish purchase?

6 The Annexation of Hawaii
American merchant ships had been stopping in Hawaii since the late 1700s American missionaries founded schools and churches there in the 1820s Americans eventually controlled most of Hawaii’s sugar cane plantations In 1891 American’s organized a “revolution” in which Queen Liliuokalani was overthrown The U.S. annexed Hawaii as a territory in 1898

7 Spanish-American War 1898 The Cubans had been fighting with Spain for their independence since the 1870s American newspapers printed dramatic stories, supporting the Cuban cause. What other factors would draw the U.S. into a war with Spain in 1898? → The publishing of the DeLome letter →The Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine

8 The Impact of the Spanish-American War
U.S. gained the island of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean, as well as Guam and the Philippines in the South Pacific to govern as colonies. By defeating the Spanish, the American navy achieved world-wide recognition. America became known as a more powerful nation.

9 What does this cartoon suggest about American attitudes following the Spanish-American War?

10 China Open Door Policy Throughout the 1800s, European powers had established colonies or “spheres of influence” throughout Asia Following the Spanish-American War, US Secretary of State, John Hay wrote letters to China, Japan and the European countries suggesting the China should be opened for international trade This succeeded in breaking down barriers to US trade with China

11 U.S. Imperialism in Latin America
Cuba-1898 Puerto Rico-1898 Panama-1903 Dominican Republic-1905 Honduras and Nicaragua-1909 Mexico-1914 Haiti-1915 The U.S. had financial supervision or military troops in all these countries between 1898 and 1920

12 Vocabulary Review Boxer Rebellion Panama Canal Imperialism
Roosevelt Corollary Big Stick Diplomacy Cuba Puerto Rico Philippines Guam Great White Fleet Imperialism William Seward Queen Liliuokalani Spanish-American War U.S.S. Maine Rough Riders Platt Amendment spheres of influence Open Door Policy

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