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Georgia during World War I. SS8H7d Give reasons for World War I and describe Georgias contribution.

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Presentation on theme: "Georgia during World War I. SS8H7d Give reasons for World War I and describe Georgias contribution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Georgia during World War I

2 SS8H7d Give reasons for World War I and describe Georgias contribution.

3 World War I was: **Originally called the Great War due to the numerous nations that fought and the great cost of lives and property. **Broke out in Europe in August 1914 between the Allied Powers (Great Britain, France, and Russia) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austrian-Hungary Empire, and the Ottoman Empire) Central Powers (Germany, Austrian-Hungary Empire, and the Ottoman Empire) **Over 9 million soldiers died as well as over 5 million civilians died (22 million soldiers injured) ** United States remained neutral until April 1917 ( war had already gone on for 20 months), then joined Allied Powers

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5 Causes of World War I ***Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand (heir to throne in Austrian-Hungary Empire) in August 1914 by Serbian nationalists starts a chain of events that kead to war 1. System of Secret Treaties 2. Competition between empires a. Militarism a. Militarism b. Imperialism b. Imperialism c. Nationalism c. Nationalism 3. Smaller ethnic groups (Serbs, Poles, etc.) wishing self- determination

6 Trench Warfare was most common method of fighting during war

7 Many new weapons of war used for first time during World War I

8 United States Involvement during war **United States declared the Neutrality Proclamation at start of war (President Washington urged all future presidents not to be involved in European wars!) **U.S. claimed freedom of the seas meaning they can trade with any warring nation **Yet U.S. gets drawn into war: 1. German U-Boats sinking ships 1. German U-Boats sinking ships 2. Anti-German propaganda (German atrocities) 2. Anti-German propaganda (German atrocities) 3. German spies attempt to sabotage U.S. factories 3. German spies attempt to sabotage U.S. factories 4. Zimmerman telegram (Germany ally with Mexico?) 4. Zimmerman telegram (Germany ally with Mexico?)

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10 **War officially ends on November 11, 1918 (Armistice Day) **The Central Powers lose land and power

11 Georgias Contribution to World War I (SS8H7d) Military Personnel from Georgia Number who served: Number who died: Textile Mills How they helped the war effort: Railroads How they helped the war effort: Farms How they helped the war effort: Sewing circles How they helped the war effort: Bond Drives How they helped the war effort: Red Cross What is it? How it helped the war effort: Victory Gardens What were they: How they helped the war effort:

12 War Bond Drives during World War I

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15 Victory Gardens during World War I

16 Important Locations in Georgia that helped the war effort during WWI (SS8H7d) Important Locations in Georgia that helped the war effort during WWI (SS8H7d) Using the map key below, locate each military installation in its proper location, as well as the textile mills and POW camps. Using the map key below, locate each military installation in its proper location, as well as the textile mills and POW camps. Shade the military location number (on the map) in yellow if it was utilized as a garrison; shade the number orange if it was used as an airfield; shade it green if it was an arsenal or artillery fort; and blue if it was a training camp!! Shade the military location number (on the map) in yellow if it was utilized as a garrison; shade the number orange if it was used as an airfield; shade it green if it was an arsenal or artillery fort; and blue if it was a training camp!! Military Installations: Military Installations: Fort McPherson, Atlanta, garrison Fort McPherson, Atlanta, garrison Fort Oglethorpe, Chickamauga-Oglethorpe, garrison and administration Fort Oglethorpe, Chickamauga-Oglethorpe, garrison and administration Fort Screven, Tybee Island, artillery fort Fort Screven, Tybee Island, artillery fort Augusta Army Arsenal, Augusta, arsenal Augusta Army Arsenal, Augusta, arsenal Camp Hancock, Augusta, airfield Camp Hancock, Augusta, airfield Camp Gordon, Augusta, training camp Camp Gordon, Augusta, training camp Camp Wheeler, Macon, training camp Camp Wheeler, Macon, training camp Souther Field, Americus, airfield Souther Field, Americus, airfield Camp Jesup, Jesup, Transport Corp training camp Camp Jesup, Jesup, Transport Corp training camp Camp Greenleaf, Chickamauga, Army Med Corp training camp Camp Greenleaf, Chickamauga, Army Med Corp training camp Camp Benning, Columbus, Infantry training camp Camp Benning, Columbus, Infantry training camp Textile Mills :( Place the letter to the correct location on the map) Textile Mills :( Place the letter to the correct location on the map) Columbus Columbus West Point/LaGrange West Point/LaGrange Augusta Augusta Macon Macon Atlanta Atlanta Dalton Dalton Prisoner of War Camp: POW#1 Fort Oglethorpe; POW#2 Fort McPherson Prisoner of War Camp: POW#1 Fort Oglethorpe; POW#2 Fort McPherson

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