6UNIVERSAL EXPOSITION OF 1889 World fair100th anniversary of the storming of Bastillethe symbol for the beginning of the French RevolutionAbsolute Monarchy was overthrown by new Enlightenment principles of equality, citizenship and inalienable rights
7KIDLAT CLUB It was founded by: Rizalto bring together young Filipinos in the French capitalenjoy their sojourn in the city during the duration of the Universal Exposition.It will disappear:like lightning (temporary nature)
8INDIOS BRAVOS proud of the name Indio make our Spanish enemies revise their conception of the termThe Indios Bravos (brave Indians) replaced :the ephemeral Kidlat Club.Members pledged:to excel in intellectual and physical prowess in order to win the admiration of the foreignerssword and the pistol.Judo
10CORRUPT GOVT OF DUTCH COLONY IN INDONESIA MAX HAVELAAR (DUTCH)CORRUPT GOVT OF DUTCH COLONY IN INDONESIACULTIVATION SYSTEM: TRADABLE CROPSTAX COLLECTION: COMMISSIONNOT STAPLE CROPS: RICERESULT OF NOVEL: AWARENESS OF EUROPEKILLED COLONIALISM
11RDLM SOCIETY initials of the society’s secret name: Redencion de los Malayos (Redemption of the the Malays).The aim of the secret society:“propagation of all useful knowledge – scientific, artistic, literary, etc. – in the Phil.” (patterned after Freemasonry)Letter to Blumentritt:If it is impossible for me to give freedom to my countryat least I should like to give it to them in other lands (Borneo).
12ANNOTATED EDITION OF MORGA PUBLISHED Error: appraising the events of the past in the light of present standardsBlumentritt on Rizalabuses of the friars should not be construed to mean the Catholicism is bad.Dedicated to the Filipinosthey would know of their glorious pastclothes, government, laws, writing, literature, religion, arts, sciences, and commerceFilipinos were already civilized before the advent of Spainblasted the historical heresies of the Spanish vs early Filipinos were savages and were of low mentality.
13THE PHILIPPINES WITHIN A CENTURY Rizal predicted:tragic end of Spain’s sovereignty in Asia.Colonies established to subserve the policy and commerce of the sovereign countryall eventually become independent
14INDOLENCE OF THE FILIPINOS Filipinos had abandoned their pre-Spanish industries and worked less than their ancestorspeople could not enjoy the fruits of their laborit is easier for a poor man to enter heaven than for a rich man
15PROJECT FOR FILIPINO COLLEGE IN HONGKONG A rich Filipino resident in Paris, Mr. Mariano Cunanan, from Mexico, Pampangapromised to help him raise P40,000 as initial capital for the college.This project of Rizal to establish a modern college in Hong Kongdid not materialize
16POR TELEFONOThis satirical pamphlet under the authorship of “Dimas Alang” is:a witty satire which ridicules Fr. Font.Rizal predicted much ahead of his times that people could carry on:overseas telephonic conversations years after the publication of Rizal’s “Por Telefono.”
192 REASONS TO LEAVE PARIS The cost of living in Paris was very high because of the Universal ExpositionThe gay social life of the city:hampered his literary works
20NEW ORTOGRAPHY OF TAGALOG LANGUAGE The tagalong letters k and w should be used instead of the Spanish c and o.Salacot = salakot/ arao = araw
21PRESENTIMENT OF DEATH Letter to del Pilar: In my childhood I had a strange belief that I would not reach 30 years of age.I am preparing myself for death.Laong Laan (Ever Ready) is my true name.
22RIZAL CRITICIZES MADRID FILIPINOS FOR GAMBLING Rizal’s letter to del Pilar:Coming to Europe to gamble and to amuse himself ?but to work for his liberty and for the dignity of his raceWe are serving the friars’ schemeWe in whom the poor people place their modest hopes.The gambling Filipinos in Madrid:were angry :Rizal’s moralizing“Papa” (Pope) instead of “Pepe”
23BAD NEWS FROM HOME The management of the Dominican Hacienda: continually raised the land rentsThe Dominican Order filed a suit in court :to dispossess the Rizal family of their lands in Calamba.Jose’s letter to SoledadI have caused much harm to our familyraises us up and gives us more dignity in the eyes of our enemiesto fall with the head highsad thing is to fall with the stain of dishonor
24PREPARATION TO GO HOME He could not stay in Brussels writing a book: while his family are persecutedI want to go back to the PhilippinesWe are not making any progress by following prudence
25DECISION TO GO TO MADRID Something happened that suddenly made him change his plan.letter from Pacianolost the case against the Dominicans in Manilabut they appealed it to the Supreme Court in SpainA lawyer was needed to handle it in MadridRizal wrote to del Pilar:retaining the latter’s services as lawyer.
26ROMANCE WITH PETITE JACOBY niece of his landladiesbrought some measure of cheer to the despondent Rizal, as he was preparing for his trip to Madrid
28FAILURE TO GET JUSTICE FOR FAMILY Associacion Hispano-Filipinasecuring justice for the oppressed Calamba tenantsLiberal Spanish Newspapersinjustices committed by Gov.- Gen.Weyler & the DominicansMinister of Colonies (Señor Fabie)Nothing came out of Rizal’s interview with Minister FabieSympathized with the Filipino causeEl Resumen (Spanish Newspaper)Ejectment order by the Dominicansparents had been forcibly ejected from their homeaid of the liberal Spanish statesmenstatesmen merely gave him honeyed words of sympathy and nothing elseBlumentritt urged Jose to see Queen Regent Maria Cristinadoesn’t have powerful friends to bring him to her nor gold to grease the palms of authorities
29DUEL The duel was based on a code of honour. Duels were fought not so much to kill the opponent as to gain "satisfaction,"to restore one's honour by demonstrating a:willingness to risk one's life for it
30ABORTED DUEL WITH ANTONIO LUNA Luna was blaming Rizal for his failure to win herBecause of jealousy and the effects of alcohol, Luna uttered certain unsavory remarks about NellieAngered by the slanderous remarks:Jose challenged Luna to a duel.
31RIZAL CHALLENGES RETANA TO DUEL Wenceslao Retana:Used to attack the Filipinos, including Rizal in various newspapers in MadridHe wrote that the family and friends of Rizal had not paid their rents so that they were ejected from their landsRizal was insulted and challenged him to a duelRetana apologized in the newspapers for he believed that discretion is better part of valorBecause of the incident, Retana developed a deep admiration for JoseRetana wrote Jose’s biography and martyrdom
32INFIDELITY OF LEONOR RIVERA One night he and some friends attended a play at Teatro ApoloThe loss of the locket proved to be a bad omenRizal received a letter from Leonor, announcing:her coming marriage to an Englishman
33RIZAL-DEL PILAR RIVALRY Jose’s idealism:was not shared by others who loved wine, women, and cardsThey resented Jose’s interference in their private livesFilipinos decided that a leader called “Responsable” be votedto direct the affairs of the Filipino community and to determine the editorial policy of the La SolidaridadDel Pilar opposed the propositionperiodical be placed under the control of the Responsable on the ground that it was a private enterprise
34RIZAL ABDICATES HIS LEADERSHIP The Filipinos were divided into two hostile camps:the Rizalistas and the PilaristasJose obtained the necessary 2/3 vote andbecame the ResponsableBut Jose graciously declined the coveted positionthan be the cause of disunity and bitterness among his countrymen
35CHAPTER 18: BIARRITZ VACATION AND ROMANCE WITH NELLY BOUSTEAD
37ROMANCE WITH NELLIE BOUSTEAD Jose proposed marriage to Nellie (rebound love from Leonor)Rizal’s marriage proposal failed for two reasons:He refused to give up his catholic faith and be converted to Protestantism, as Nelly demandedNelly’s mother did not like Rizal as son-in-law
38RIZAL STOPPED WRITING FOR LA SOLIDARIDAD Simultaneous with his retirement from the Propaganda MovementRizal ceased writing articles for La SolidaridadDel Pilar himself realized:the need for Rizal’s collaboration in both the Propaganda Movement and in the La Solidaridad newspaperJose’s reply to del Pilar:Rizal denied any resentmentHe considered it very important to the party that there be unity in the workMore time to work on his novel (completed in Biarritz)He wanted other Filipinos to work also