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Jacksonian Democracy Chapter 10, Section 1

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1 Jacksonian Democracy Chapter 10, Section 1 http://www.utexas.edu/features/2005/jackson/graphics/jackson4.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/zh/c/c9/Andrew-Jackson.jpg

2 Election of 1824 Several Republican candidates ran Several Republican candidates ran Three were favorite sons (supported by home states rather than national party) Three were favorite sons (supported by home states rather than national party) Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, & John Quincy Adams Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, & John Quincy Adams No one candidate received majority of electoral vote No one candidate received majority of electoral vote House prepared to vote to decide House prepared to vote to decide Clay & Adams made an agreement to use Clays influence as Speaker of the House to help get Adams elected over Jackson Clay & Adams made an agreement to use Clays influence as Speaker of the House to help get Adams elected over Jackson John Quincy Adams was John Quincy Adams was elected president http://www.classbrain.com/artbiographies/uploads/john-quincy-adams.jpg

3 Election of 1824

4 Political Parties 1828 Democratic Republicans Democratic Republicans Supported Andrew Jackson Supported Andrew Jackson Favored states rights & mistrusted strong central government Favored states rights & mistrusted strong central government Many Democrats were frontier people, immigrants, or city workers Many Democrats were frontier people, immigrants, or city workers National Republicans National Republicans Supported John Quincy Adams Supported John Quincy Adams Wanted strong central government Wanted strong central government Supported federal measures, such as road building & a national bank, that would help the economy Supported federal measures, such as road building & a national bank, that would help the economy Many were merchants or farmers Many were merchants or farmers

5 Election of 1828 Both parties resorted to mudslinging or attempts to ruin their opponents reputation Both parties resorted to mudslinging or attempts to ruin their opponents reputation John C. Calhoun (Adams former VP) switched parties & with Jackson John C. Calhoun (Adams former VP) switched parties & with Jackson Jackson won votes of frontier people & Southerners = won in a landslide Jackson won votes of frontier people & Southerners = won in a landslide

6 Election of 1828 http://www.multied.com/PageMill_Images/image2.gif http://www.multied.com/PageMill_Images/image5.gif

7 Election of 1828: State Results http://www.columbia.edu/itc/history/foner/jacksonian_america/week5-second_party/election_1828.jpg

8 What helped Jackson be elected? Jackson became a national hero during the War of 1812 Jackson became a national hero during the War of 1812 His nickname was Old Hickory because he was as tough as a hickory tree His nickname was Old Hickory because he was as tough as a hickory tree Jackson was seen as a common man and small farmers, craft workers, & others supported him Jackson was seen as a common man and small farmers, craft workers, & others supported him Suffrage, or the right to vote, had been expanded Suffrage, or the right to vote, had been expanded Property requirements for voting were relaxed or eliminated Property requirements for voting were relaxed or eliminated

9 Jacksons Inauguration http://www.columbia.edu/itc/history/foner/jacksonian_america/week5-second_party/

10 Spoils System To the Victor Goes the Spoils To the Victor Goes the Spoils President Jackson replaced many federal workers with his supporters President Jackson replaced many federal workers with his supporters Goal of the Democrats = shake up the federal bureaucracy Goal of the Democrats = shake up the federal bureaucracy They thought ordinary citizens could handle any government job They thought ordinary citizens could handle any government job Spoils System = practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidates supporters Spoils System = practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidates supporters

11 To the Victor Goes the Spoils http://dig.lib.niu.edu/teachers/jackson-spoils.jpg

12 Kitchen Cabinet Jackson put unqualified people in his Cabinet & did not meet with them Jackson put unqualified people in his Cabinet & did not meet with them He met with other advisors in the kitchen of the White House. He met with other advisors in the kitchen of the White House. These advisors became known as the Kitchen Cabinet These advisors became known as the Kitchen Cabinet

13 A Crisis Over Tariffs Tariff: a fee paid by merchants who imported goods Tariff: a fee paid by merchants who imported goods Tariff of Abominations: name Southerners gave to the highest tariff ever Tariff of Abominations: name Southerners gave to the highest tariff ever It was passed to protect Northern manufacturers from foreign competition (Americans were more likely to buy American-made goods) It was passed to protect Northern manufacturers from foreign competition (Americans were more likely to buy American-made goods) South had to pay higher prices for European goods South had to pay higher prices for European goods

14 How did the South Protest the Tariff? V.P. John C. Calhoun argued that a state or a group of states had the right to nullify, or cancel, a federal law it considered against state interests V.P. John C. Calhoun argued that a state or a group of states had the right to nullify, or cancel, a federal law it considered against state interests Some Southerners call for Southern states to secede, or break away, from the U.S. Some Southerners call for Southern states to secede, or break away, from the U.S. Nullification Crisis Nullification Crisis Nullification: the idea that a state had the right to cancel a federal law it considered unconstitutional Nullification: the idea that a state had the right to cancel a federal law it considered unconstitutional Congress (1832) passed a new lower tariff & Pres. Jackson had Congress pass a Force Bill, allowing military action to enforce acts of Congress Congress (1832) passed a new lower tariff & Pres. Jackson had Congress pass a Force Bill, allowing military action to enforce acts of Congress http://www.columbia.edu/itc/history/foner/jacksonian_america/week5-second_party/calhoun.jpg John C. Calhoun

15 Nullification Crisis http://www.c olumbia.edu/ itc/history/fo ner/jacksoni an_america/ week5- second_part y/nullification.jpg

16 Questions Write Three Deep Questions (no yes or no or simple answers) Write Three Deep Questions (no yes or no or simple answers) 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 3.


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