Presentation on theme: "Chapter Ten. In 1828 Andrew Jackson was elected President John C. Calhoun was Vice President Resigned Martin Van Buren replaced Calhoun Democratic."— Presentation transcript:
In 1828 Andrew Jackson was elected President John C. Calhoun was Vice President Resigned Martin Van Buren replaced Calhoun Democratic Party was born
1 st President to live west of the Appalachian Mountains Tennessee Popular among men who lived in the West and South
1 st President born in a log cabin Common Man’s Hero Populist – supporter of the rights and power of the people On Inauguration Day, he opened the White House to EVERYONE!!
Expanded Suffrage White men with little or no property could vote Brought together a coalition of “common men” Factory workers in the Northeast Farmers (non-slaveholders) in the South Pioneer farmers in the West Restructured Federal Institutions Spoils System – give government jobs to supporters Shut down National Bank – remove the wealthy unelected elite from controlling the economy Kitchen Cabinet – group of informal advisors (often met in the White House kitchen)
Railed against class supremacy / believed in white supremacy Insistent on equality of white men / took racism for granted Subjugation of Native American Indian Removal Act Supported Slavery Jackson determined to keep slavery issue out of national affairs (gag-rule)
In 1828, everybody came out to vote – Why? Common man distrusted the Eastern elites! Economics / Politics Eastern elites ran the economy and the federal government Common man did not want to be shut out! Secure economic independence Thought John Quincy Adams stole the Election of 1824
Jackson portrayed as “a man of the people” First to run a modern campaign Songs Slogans Buttons Parades Rallies Barbecues
Tariff of Abominations passed in 1828 – a protective tariff to support the idea of a strong central government Northern region was getting richer and richer (industry) South Carolina was poor. Farmers and high prices don’t mix. V.P. Calhoun led a dispute against the tariff and said states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the Constitution. Congress should not favor one state or region over another. States should have more power than federal power. Conflict between the supporters of the tariff and the opponents and their disputes became known as the Nullification Crisis.
Whigs were the “I hate Andrew Jackson” party Born in 1832 to oppose “King Jackson” Most famous Whig was Henry Clay War of 1812 War Hawk 1824 “made” John Quincy Adams president Speaker of the House Great Compromiser on slavery issues Never elected President
William Henry Harrison John Tyler Zachary Taylor Millard Fillmore Whig Party died out in the 1850s… over the issue of slavery Everyone that opposed slavery joined the Republican Party and voted for Abraham Lincoln Jacksonian Democracy also died over the issue of slavery