Presentation on theme: "Introduction to course Needs Maslow Erikson Attachment"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to course Needs Maslow Erikson Attachment PsychologyIntroduction to courseNeedsMaslowEriksonAttachment
2 Definition of Psychology The term comes from GreekPsyche meaning mindLogy meaning study of
3 5 Approaches of Psychology The psycho analytic – our thoughts feelings and behaviours are the result of unconscious mental processes formed in early childhoodThe behaviourist approach states that behaviours are the result of our leaning in our environmentThe cognitive approach – states that our thoughts feelings and behaviours are the result of thinking or problem solvingThe biological approach the is approach states that these factors are the results of genetics and physiologyThe humanistic approach – states the way we think feel and act are the result of psychologically healthy or unhealthy self or self image.
10 Group exercise In four groups What are the needs of children 0-1 2 years3 – 5 years6-11 yearsDo they fit with Erikson’s theory?
11 AttachmentAn intense emotional relationship that is specific to two people, that endures over time, and in which prolonged separation for the partner is accompanied by stress and sorrow.
12 Phases of AttachmentPre Attachment Phase. At 6 weeks child begins to smile gurgle to just about anyoneIndiscriminate Attachment3 months Infant can tell familiar and unfamiliar people. child is happy to be handled by just about anyone
13 Phases of AttachmentDiscriminate Attachment 3-7 months Can distinguish mother from others. may show fear response if direct contact with strangersMultiple Attachments Phase 7 months on Bonds formed with grandparents siblings and other caregivers. Strongest attachment to main carer
15 Mother’s sensitivityThe sensitive mother sees things from her baby's perspective, correctly interprets its signals, responds to its needs, and is accepting, co-operative and accessiblethe insensitive mother interacts almost exclusively in terms of her own wishes, moods and activities
17 Phases of the strange situation Observer introduces mother and baby to experimental room, then leaves.Mother is non-participant while baby explores; if necessary, play is stimulated after 2 minutesStranger enters. First minute: stranger silent. Second Minute: stranger converses with mother. Third minute: Stranger approaches baby. After 3 minutes, mother Leaves unobtrusively.First separation episode. Stranger's behaviour is geared to that of baby.
18 Last 4 stagesFirst reunion episode. Mother greets and/or comforts Baby, then tries to settle the baby again in play. Mother then leaves, saying 'bye-bye'.Second separation episode.Continuation of second separation. Stranger enters and gears her behaviour to that of baby.Second reunion episode. Mother enters greets baby, Then picks up baby. Meanwhile, stranger leaves Unobtrusively.
19 Type A15%Baby largely ignores mother, because of indifference towards her: play is little affected by whether she is present or absent. No or few signs of distress when mother leaves and actively ignores or avoids her on her return. Distress is caused by being alone, rather than being left by the mother; can be as easily comforted by the stranger as by the mother. In fact, both adults are treated in a very similar way.
20 Type B70%Baby plays happily while the mother is present, whether the stranger is present or not. Mother is largely 'ignored' because she can be trusted to be there if needed. Clearly distressed when mother" leaves and play is considerably reduced. Seeks immediate contact with mother on her return, is quickly calmed down in her arms and resumes play. The distress is caused by the mother's absence, not being alone. Although the stranger can provide some comfort, she and the mother are treated very differently.
21 Type C15%Baby is fussy and wary while the mother is present; cries a lot more and explores much less than types A and B and has difficulty using mother as a safe base. Very distressed when mother leaves, seeks contact with her on her return, but simultaneously shows anger and resists contact; e.g. may approach her and reach out to be picked up, but then struggles to get down again. This demonstrates the baby's ambivalence towards her. Doesn't return readily to play. Actively resists stranger's efforts to make contact.
22 Implications for Social care How and why do we come across children with faulty attachment?What can help?Can children recover?How do we help children recover?What are their needs at the early stages of their lives?
23 Resume Looked at processes of emotional social development 8 Psychosocial stagesA framework for considering the different needs of people