Presentation on theme: "Toussaint LOuverture I was born a slave, but nature gave me the soul of a free man."— Presentation transcript:
Toussaint LOuverture I was born a slave, but nature gave me the soul of a free man.
19. In 1793 L'Ouverture drove French forces from what country, making it the first Latin American country to free itself from European rule? (GPS.06.SS.L.SS6H2.c) A. Honduras B. Jamaica C. Haiti D. Mexico.
François-Dominique Toussaint LOuverture (May 20, 1743 – April 7, 1803) was the leader of the Haitian Revolution.
He was a military and political genius. His abilities led to the independent black state of Haiti. He helped change an entire society of slaves into a free, self-governing people.
The success of the Haitian Revolution shook the institution of slavery throughout the New World.
He began his military career as a leader of the 1791 slave rebellion in the French colony of Saint Domingue. At first he was on the side of the Spanish. Then the French got rid of slavery, so he switched to their side and fought the British and Spanish. Slowly he gained control over the whole island.
The French changed their minds and set up slavery again in Haiti. Haiti went to war with France.
1801 – LOuverture made his colony independent from France and wrote a constitution. He set himself up as governor for life By 1803 Napoleon was tired of fighting Haiti: he & LOuverture agreed to terms of peace.
Napoleon agreed to recognize Haitian independence. LOuverture agreed to retire. The French invited LOuverture to come to a negotiating meeting with full safe conduct.
When he arrived, the French (at Napoleon's orders) betrayed the safe conduct and arrested him, putting him on a ship headed for France.
Napoleon ordered that LOuverture be placed in a prison dungeon in the mountains, and murdered by means of cold, starvation, and neglect.
LOuverture died in prison, but others carried on the fight for freedom.
Choice Write an obituary for Toussaint LOuverture. Write a short play describing the scene where LOuverture is double-crossed by Napolean. Draw a comics panel of the double- crossing scene.
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PLAY ACT I - [describe where Act I takes place] CHARACTER #1: Indicate here the opening words that Character #1 will say. CHARACTER #2: [you can use brackets to show how the line should be read - surprised? angry? sad?] Indicate here the opening words that Character #2 will say