Presentation on theme: "Colonial Slavery and The Haitian Revolt. Saint-Domingue1700’s Was A major Sugar producing Colony for the French – Highly intensive manual labor – The."— Presentation transcript:
Colonial Slavery and The Haitian Revolt
Saint-Domingue1700’s Was A major Sugar producing Colony for the French – Highly intensive manual labor – The Island was split between French and Spanish rule Slave owners very highly abusive towards their slaves – Violence used on slave populations which outnumbered whites
Closer connection to Africa ON the Island there was a constant flow of new slaves West African language and culture was more prevalent on Haiti Language spoken was Creole(mix French and African dialects) Religion consisted of combination of Catholicism and native beliefs (Vodue)
Racial and Social Structure of the Island The whites – government official in city Port au Prince – Wealthy Plantation Owners – Plantation Foremen The free people of color – Most were Mullatoes given Freedom – White fathers often gave them land and an education to secure higher status The black slaves – Many with close lines to Africa and had the least rights The maroons – Escaped Slaves who lived on the outskirts of plantations
The French Revolution The French Revolution of 1789 In France was the spark which lit The Haitian Revolution of French Revolutions had weakened political structure on the Colonies People were inspired by documents like “The Rights of Man and Citizen” Free Blacks were pushing for civil equality
Economic Causes "exclusif" on Saint-Domingue. This required that Saint-Domingue sold 100% of her exports to France alone, and purchased 100% here was a growing independence movement, and in this movement the white planters were united with the free people of color.
The Slave Rebellion of August 21, 1791 Uprising of the slaves on the night of August 21st. – Maroons began to attack plantations and other slaved joined in – Major factor was 10-1 ratio of slaves and Whites – Slaves would take revenge on whites 1792 Slaves control a large portion of the colony
Foreign Influence 1793 France Declared War on GB – GB and Spain began to attack French troops in Saint Domingue Further weakening French forces – They also provided rebellious slaves with supplies to fight French Forces
End of Slavery 1794 In France under Maximilien Robespierre France abolished Slavery on all colonies – This was also to attempt to control Slave rebellion Many Former Rebels joined the French Side in a Fight to Remove British and Spanish Forces form the Island
Social Structure after Slavery There was no real change in society Blacks still wanted full Rights Next step was fight for independence Many Former Rebels joined the French Side in a Fight to Remove British and Spanish Forces form the Island
Toussaint L’Ouverture Was a former slave Self Educated Fought in initial Slave Rebellion Then Fought for the French against Spanish and British As Commander he urged soldiers not to commit atrocities His largest Demand was free Haiti ruled by the Black majority
His capture He declared Haiti Independent and set a constitution with himself as leader Napoleon Sent Forces to remove him from power A peace treaty was made to join back with France – He was then arrested and died in France 1802
France and re-establishment of Slavery French Revolution was over and Napoleon was in charge – Major push by the French to re-establish slavery – This Caused the Second major uprising led by former Black French commander Jean-Jacques Dessalines
Fight for Independence Advantages for the Rebels – Britain was attacking France (Napoleonic Wars) – Napoleon wanted to focus on Europe instead of Americas 1804 Lead by Dessalines Haiti won its independence from France – What followed was a full attack on all remaining whites.
Issues brought up by Haiti First Independent Black nation in the Americas Most Successful Slave Uprising Fear of other Slave holding nations of Slave uprisings. – United States and Other nations placed embargo – France forced Haiti to pay reparations for lost property.