2Periods Colonial Period 1600-1780 Postcolonial Period 1780-1840 Victorian PeriodModern Period present
3Colonial Period*Jacobean ( ) An English style of furniture, which is medieval in appearance with straight lines, rigid designs, sturdy construction, ornate carvings and a dark finish.
4Colonial PeriodEarly American ( ) Rudimentary utilitarian furniture made from local woods. It was brought from or modeled after European furniture styles, particularly from England, France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia and Spain.
5Colonial PeriodWilliam and Mary ( ) trumpet turned legs terminating in a ball or Spanish foot, padded or caned chair seats, and Oriental lacquer-work. Examples: gate-leg table, and highboy.
6Colonial PeriodQueen Anne ( ) a refinement of the William and Mary style with a moderately proportioned, graceful appearance. It is characterized by cabriole legs terminating in a pad or drake foot, fiddle-back chair back, and bat wing shaped drawer pulls.
7Colonial PeriodColonial ( ) Combined the furniture style characteristics of William and Mary, Queen Anne, and Chippendale. Colonial furniture tended to be more conservative and less ornate than English and European furniture of the same style period.
8Colonial PeriodGeorgian ( ) Georgian furniture is a more ornate version of Queen Anne. It is characterized by heavier proportions, elaborately carved cabriole legs terminating in a pad or ball-and-claw foot, ornate carvings, pierced back splats, and the use of gilding.
9Colonial PeriodPennsylvania Dutch ( ) A simple, utilitarian American country style of furniture with Germanic influences. It is characterized by colorful folk painting on case pieces.
10Colonial PeriodChippendale ( ) The Chippendale style can be classified into three types: French influence, Chinese influence, and Gothic influence. In the United States, the Chippendale style was a more elaborate development of the Queen Anne style with cabriole legs, ball-and-claw foot, and broken pediment scroll top on tall case pieces.
11Colonial PeriodRobert Adam ( )furniture designed with classical details that would fit the character of his classically designed homes. The Adam style was limitedly reproduced by cabinetmakers in the United States. Adam interior millwork and woodwork was reproduced in South Carolina.
12Postcolonial PeriodHepplewhite ( ) It is characterized by a delicate appearance, tapered legs and the use of contrasting veneers and inlay.
13Postcolonial PeriodFederal ( ) Combined the neoclassic furniture style characteristics of Hepplewhite and Sheraton. It is characterized by graceful straight lines, light construction, tapered legs, and the use of inlay, and contrasting veneers.
14Postcolonial PeriodSheraton ( ) It is characterized by delicate straight lines, light construction, contrasting veneers and neoclassical motifs and ornamentation.
15Postcolonial PeriodDuncan Phyfe ( ) It is characterized by carved or reeded legs and neoclassic motifs.
16Postcolonial PeriodAmerican Empire ( ) Patterned after French Empire with classical influences. It is moderate in proportion with classical ornamentation, coarse carving, and a dark finish.
17Postcolonial PeriodShaker ( ) It is characterized by straight tapered legs, woven square chair seats and mushroom shaped wooden knobs.
18Victorian PeriodVictorian ( ) The Victorian style draws its influence from gothic forms with heavy proportions, dark finish, elaborate carving, and ornamentation. The Victorian period was the first furniture style of mass production.
19Modern Period 1901-Present Arts and Craft ( ) Arts and Craft furniture is characterized by simple utilitarian design and construction. Arts and Craft style furniture is also referred to as Mission.
20Modern Period 1901-Present Art Nouveau ( ) A naturalistic style characterized by intricately detailed patterns and curving lines.
21Modern Period 1901-Present Scandinavian Contemporary ( ) A simple utilitarian design style in natural wood popularized by Danish and Swedish designers.