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Designing Woodworking Projects Decisions, Decisions, Decisions.

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Presentation on theme: "Designing Woodworking Projects Decisions, Decisions, Decisions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Designing Woodworking Projects Decisions, Decisions, Decisions

2 Project design is: A process Develops ideas Shapes or forms projects

3 A successful woodworking project starts with a well- planned design Based on familiar Something new

4 The Project Design Process Consider your goals for the project….. Appealing Blend it together Will it work Other things to consider… Tools & techniques Different methods

5 What should I build? Deciding what to build is where the design process begins. Specific need Challenge your skills Healthy desire to explore new techniques is what makes woodworking a hobby, not a chore. –Bruce Kieffer

6 Evolution of a Woodworking project 1. Create the Design 2. Build a prototype (if necessary) 3. Build the project

7 Getting Project Ideas Actual pieces of furniture Discuss with other woodworkers Local library or your own collection of books and magazines Internet plans Watching TV or movies. Local woodworking stores.

8 Practical Considerations Wood species Solid wood, plywood or veneer? Choosing hardware & finishes Staining – Some stains harder to apply than others Avoid Gel stains, 1 step stain and polyurethane combinations, and other thick stains

9 Making Prototypes Prototype tricky joints Test pieces for routing profiles

10 Standard Furniture Dimensions Dining Tables Top height: 29 – 30 Place setting width: 24 min., 30 best Table edge to pedestal base clearance: 14 min Apron to floor clearance: 23 ½ Miscellaneous Tables Coffee tables: 12 – 18 tall End tables: 18 – 24 tall Desks Depth: 30 deep Writing height: 29– 30 Computer keyboard stations: 25 – 27 tall

11 Standard Furniture Dimensions Bedroom furniture Dressers: 18 – 24 deep, 30 min height Night stands: 18 – 22 Bed mattress height: 18 – 22 Chairs Seat height: 15 – 18 Seat width: 17 – 20 Seat depth: 15 – 18 Arm rest (from seat): 8 – 10 Bookcases Depth: 12 Height: 76 maximum Shelf width: 24 max width for ¾ plywood shelves; 36 max width for ¾ solid wood shelves Lounge seating Seat height: 14 – 17 Seat width: 24 min/person Seat depth: 15 – 18 Arm rest height (from seat): 8 – 10 Seat angle tilt backwards: 3 - 5° Backrest tilt angle from seat: °

12 Furniture Styles Jacobean (1600 – 1690) Early American (1640 – 1700) William and Mary (1690 – 1725) Queen Anne (1700 – 1755) Colonial (1700 – 1780) Georgian (1714 – 1760) Pennsylvania Dutch ( ) Chippendale (1750 –1790) Robert Adam (1760 – 1795) Hepplewhite (1765 – 1800) Federal (1780 – 1820) Sheraton (1780 – 1820) Duncan Phyfe (1795 – 1848) American Empire (1800 – 1840) Shaker (1820 – 1860) Victorian (1840 – 1910) Arts and Craft (1880 – 1910) Art Nouveau (1890 – 1910) Scandinavian Contemporary (1930 – 1950)

13 Duncan Phyfe (1795 – 1848) Appearance Graceful & refined w/ carved or reeded legs. Drawer Pulls Oval back plate w/stamped brass handle Mushroom-shaped glass or brass knob. Brass Lion's head with pull ring through mouth. Loop bail handle w/no back plate. Joints Dovetail Finish Oil varnish

14 Shaker (1820 – 1860) Appearance Straight lines, simple design and little ornamentation. Drawer Pulls Mushroom-shaped wooden knob Joints Dovetail Finish Oil varnish Paint

15 Victorian (1840 – 1910) Appearance Elaborately detailed, formal, somber appearance. Cabriole style leg. Drawer Pulls Carved wood handle. Mushroom-shaped glass or wooden knob. Rosette - round flower or leaf shaped knob in brass or glass. Joints Dovetail Finish Oil varnish

16 Arts & Craft aka. Mission (1880 – 1910) Appearance Straight lines, simple design and little ornamentation. Straight lines and heavy proportion Drawer Pulls Bail handle w/back plate. Mushroom-shaped wooden knob. Round brass ring pull w/o back plate. Joints Dovetail Mortise and tenon Finish Lacquer Shellac Stain Wax

17 Scandinavian Contemporary (1930 – 1950) Appearance Straight lines, simple design, and little ornamentation. Drawer Pulls Mushroom-shaped wooden knob. Joints Dovetail Mortise and tenon Finish Oil varnish Stain Wax


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