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European Architecture An Introduction to different Styles
Romanesque 1000-1200 Rounded arches Small, high windows Little Ornamentation
Romanesque Accommodate numerous monks, priests and pilgrims Pilgrims came looking at relics
Romanesque-Gothic Rounded Arches on buildings Pointed arches on church
Gothic 1150-1500 Pointed Arches Flying Buttresses High Steeples Focus up toward God
Gothic Ribbed vaulted ceilings to preserve natural light
Gothic Stained-glass window panels leading to sun- dappled interior effects
Renaissance 1350-1600 Rebirth of Classical culture Showed a harmony between human proportions and buildings
Renaissance Revival of ancient Roman forms the column and round arch, the tunnel vault, and the dome
Baroque 1600-1800 Complex plan shapes Grandeur, drama and contrast
Baroque Rich surfaces Bright colors
Baroque Complex shapes were favored to heighten the feeling of motion and sensuality
Rococo 1650-1750 Extremely Ornate Ceilings and walls seem as one
Rococo Walls, ceilings, and moldings feature interlacings of curves and countercurves
Rococo Light, elegant, and elaborately ornamented
Fachwerk Half-timbered structures
Fachwerk Built between 1300 and 1700
Fachwerk Style resulted from insufficient wood Hay and plaster were used between wood frame
Neo-Classical 1750-1850 Grandeur of scale Simplicity of geometric forms
Neo-Classical Dramatic use of columns Antique simplicity Reaction against Rococo
Romantic Organic – the harmony of nature Classic – bring order to chaotic world
Romantic Set a mood Give a memorable feeling Irregular, undefined quality
Romantic Return to nature Seeks to celebrate the unknown parts of life
Biedermeier Mid-1800s Apolitical
Biedermeier 1840-1870 Tied to home Calmness and order
Jugendstil 1910-1940 Art Nouveau Floral motif Use of wrought iron for ornamentation
Modern/Bauhaus 1950 - present Founded by Walther Gropius Integration of art, craftsmanship, and technology
Modern/Bauhaus Associated with a severe but elegant geometric style Economy of means
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