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European Architecture An Introduction to different Styles
Romanesque Rounded arches Small, high windows Little Ornamentation
Romanesque Accommodate numerous monks, priests and pilgrims Pilgrims came looking at relics
Romanesque-Gothic Rounded Arches on buildings Pointed arches on church
Gothic Pointed Arches Flying Buttresses High Steeples Focus up toward God
Gothic Ribbed vaulted ceilings to preserve natural light
Gothic Stained-glass window panels leading to sun- dappled interior effects
Renaissance Rebirth of Classical culture Showed a harmony between human proportions and buildings
Renaissance Revival of ancient Roman forms the column and round arch, the tunnel vault, and the dome
Baroque Complex plan shapes Grandeur, drama and contrast
Baroque Rich surfaces Bright colors
Baroque Complex shapes were favored to heighten the feeling of motion and sensuality
Rococo Extremely Ornate Ceilings and walls seem as one
Rococo Walls, ceilings, and moldings feature interlacings of curves and countercurves
Rococo Light, elegant, and elaborately ornamented
Fachwerk Half-timbered structures
Fachwerk Built between 1300 and 1700
Fachwerk Style resulted from insufficient wood Hay and plaster were used between wood frame
Neo-Classical Grandeur of scale Simplicity of geometric forms
Neo-Classical Dramatic use of columns Antique simplicity Reaction against Rococo
Romantic Organic – the harmony of nature Classic – bring order to chaotic world
Romantic Set a mood Give a memorable feeling Irregular, undefined quality
Romantic Return to nature Seeks to celebrate the unknown parts of life
Biedermeier Mid-1800s Apolitical
Biedermeier Tied to home Calmness and order
Jugendstil Art Nouveau Floral motif Use of wrought iron for ornamentation
Modern/Bauhaus present Founded by Walther Gropius Integration of art, craftsmanship, and technology
Modern/Bauhaus Associated with a severe but elegant geometric style Economy of means
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