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European Architecture An Introduction to different Styles.

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Presentation on theme: "European Architecture An Introduction to different Styles."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Architecture An Introduction to different Styles

2 Romanesque Rounded arches Small, high windows Little Ornamentation

3 Romanesque Accommodate numerous monks, priests and pilgrims Pilgrims came looking at relics

4 Romanesque-Gothic Rounded Arches on buildings Pointed arches on church

5 Gothic Pointed Arches Flying Buttresses High Steeples Focus up toward God

6 Gothic Ribbed vaulted ceilings to preserve natural light

7 Gothic Stained-glass window panels leading to sun- dappled interior effects

8 Renaissance Rebirth of Classical culture Showed a harmony between human proportions and buildings

9 Renaissance Revival of ancient Roman forms the column and round arch, the tunnel vault, and the dome

10 Baroque Complex plan shapes Grandeur, drama and contrast

11 Baroque Rich surfaces Bright colors

12 Baroque Complex shapes were favored to heighten the feeling of motion and sensuality

13 Rococo Extremely Ornate Ceilings and walls seem as one

14 Rococo Walls, ceilings, and moldings feature interlacings of curves and countercurves

15 Rococo Light, elegant, and elaborately ornamented

16 Fachwerk Half-timbered structures

17 Fachwerk Built between 1300 and 1700

18 Fachwerk Style resulted from insufficient wood Hay and plaster were used between wood frame

19 Neo-Classical Grandeur of scale Simplicity of geometric forms

20 Neo-Classical Dramatic use of columns Antique simplicity Reaction against Rococo

21 Romantic Organic – the harmony of nature Classic – bring order to chaotic world

22 Romantic Set a mood Give a memorable feeling Irregular, undefined quality

23 Romantic Return to nature Seeks to celebrate the unknown parts of life

24 Biedermeier Mid-1800s Apolitical

25 Biedermeier Tied to home Calmness and order

26 Jugendstil Art Nouveau Floral motif Use of wrought iron for ornamentation

27 Modern/Bauhaus present Founded by Walther Gropius Integration of art, craftsmanship, and technology

28 Modern/Bauhaus Associated with a severe but elegant geometric style Economy of means


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