Presentation on theme: "Furniture Styles Housing I 5.01. Furniture Facts To be legally classified as an antique the furniture piece needs to be 100 years old. Eclectic style."— Presentation transcript:
Furniture Styles Housing I 5.01
Furniture Facts To be legally classified as an antique the furniture piece needs to be 100 years old. Eclectic style is mixing different furniture styles from different time periods.
Queen Anne Named after Queen Anne of England the British monarch who reigned from It is characterized by simple curvilinear lines and cabriole leg: a curved leg with out-curved knee and incurved ankle. The foot may be a club, a claw-and-ball, a paw or scroll, and there may be a carved ornament on the knee such as the scallop shell or the lion motif Seats often feature a horseshoe shape.
Queen Anne Chairs Queen Anne was the only queen to have a furniture style named exclusively for her The cabriole legs came from an oriental influence
Japanning Japanning was a popular varnish used that gave the surface of the furniture a glossy black or any other color finish.
Slat back ChairsDesk
Two popular chair styles copied today that was used back then was the Wing Chair (upholstered), and the Windsor Chair (non- upholstered).
Windsor Chair with slats Cabriole leg
Thomas Chippendale London cabinet maker, Thomas Chippendale, published his furniture designs in a book "The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker's Director" in 1754.it featured a popular collection of designs illustrating almost every type of domestic furniture. He was influenced by the mid-Georgian, English Rococo, and Neoclassical styles. The Chippendale style can be classified into three types: French influence, Chinese influence, and Gothic influence.
Chippendale Style Thomas Chippendales early designs in the United States, were a more elaborate development of the Queen Anne style with cabriole legs and claw and ball foot. Later, his designs had straight legs A well known piece of Chippendale furniture is the camelback sofa.
Chippendale Chair with claw-ball foot and intricate carved back Foot stool
Chippendale Chippendale had many ornate and elaborately carved pieces.
Chippendale Later years showed the style with straight legs and a Chinese influence
Marcel Breuer Marcel Lajos Breuer ( ), architect and furniture designer, was an influential Hungarian-born modernist. Breuer displayed interest in modular construction and simple forms. Breuer studied and taught at the Bauhaus in the 1920s. Philosophy was Form follows function meaning that furniture should be designed for the purpose intended. Breuer designs became known as International Style and continues to be produced today
Form Follows Function Bauhaus ("House of Building" or "Building School") is the common term for a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught. It operated from 1919 to Form Follows Function -The principle is that the shape of a building or object should be primarily based upon its intended function or purpose. The credo was taken to imply that decorative elements, which architects call "ornament," were superfluous in modern design.
Breuers Furniture used Chrome-plated tubing for support Seats and backs were made of canvas, wood, cane, or leather Wassily chair (1925) Cesca chair (1928 )
Breuers Designs cont…..
Frank Lloyd Wright Created the ORGANIC style. Designed to complement natural surroundings. Believed that furniture should fit easily and naturally into the home. Furniture was created specifically for each home. Furniture was geometric shapes and flat surfaces
Wrights Furniture His work includes original and innovative buildings as well as many of the interior elements, such as the furniture and stained glass. His work includes original and innovative buildings as well as many of the interior elements, such as the furniture and stained glass.
Falling Water 1936
ChippendaleFrank Lloyd Wright Form Follows Function Natural Queen Anne Marcel BreuerClaw and ball leg/foot