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Improving Teen Mental Health Presentation for Newark High School Teachers & Staff.

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2 Improving Teen Mental Health Presentation for Newark High School Teachers & Staff

3 TODAYS PRESENTATION Treatment Steps to take Warning signs Normal teen development Types of mental health problems Referral process Talking to parents Managing the Classroom State of the problem

4 Newark High School

5 No help = Pain Suffering Failing

6 At least 1 in 5 children and adolescents has a mental health disorder 1 in 10 has a serious disorder 90% of people who develop a mental disorder show warning signs during their teen years

7 HELP = Better academic achievement Less substance abuse Improved chances for their future

8 Everyone Can Make a Difference Every Adult School Staff Parents

9 Teachers Critical Role

10 Influential On the Front Lines Overburdened

11 NOTICETALK ACT Steps Teachers Can Take


13 Angry or aggressive behaviors

14 Poor concentration

15 Increased tardiness or absences

16 Withdrawn

17 Anxious

18 Typical? Troubled?

19 Complex period of rapid change, transition Challenges: fitting in, defining identity, competing demands (school, home) Sometimes - other home issues (divorce, violence or substance abuse) Bottom line: May display alterations of mood, distressing thoughts, anxiety, and impulsive behavior. Typical Teens

20 Experiencing more than normal developmental challenges, inability to form healthy relationships Without treatment, more likely to have serious problems: Academic Relationships Employment Troubled Teens

21 + environment What causes mental health disorders? biology

22 As you NOTICE signs, ask yourself, are they: FREQUENT ? –(e.g., student is quiet, withdrawn over multiple days/weeks) EXTREME ? –(e.g., violent outburst, aggressive behavior) If either: TALK with student ACT by communicating what youve seen/heard with school MH staff

23 Mood disorders Anxiety disorders Psychotic disorders Behavioral/disruptive disorders Teen Mental Health Disorders

24 CLINICAL DEPRESSION Deep despair, sadness, crying 1 in 13 teens experience symptoms BIPOLAR DISORDER Extreme changes from happy to sad 1 in 100 teens have it Hard to diagnose, looks like depression

25 ANXIETY DISORDERS Overwhelming fear with no cause Risk is greater with family history EATING DISORDERS Unrealistic thoughts about weight 1 in 20 teens suffer; 90% females Untreated it can result in hospitalization or death

26 SCHIZOPHRENIA Strange thoughts, unusual behaviors High functioning, then big decline Distrustful, no longer social, voices ADHD Problems paying attention Can seriously impact ability to learn

27 OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER Stubborn, argumentative, hostile Major distraction in the classroom CONDUCT DISORDER Verbal/physical aggression Junior sociopaths End up in detention centers

28 Marked change in school performance Inability to cope Physical complaints Sexual acting out Depression Abuse of alcohol/ drugs Intense fear of becoming obese Nightmares Threat to harm self or others Self-injury/ Cutting Frequent outbursts Threats to run away Aggression Unusual behavior

29 PsychiatristsPsychologists Mental Health Counselors

30 PsychiatristsPsychologists Mental Health Counselors

31 School Mental Health Professionals

32 EFFECTIVE TREATMENT Therapy, Medication –Sometimes combination works best No silver bullet or quick fix – timeframe depends on: –Severity of disorder –Temperament of child –Family & school support

33 MEDICATION Used to: –Improve daily functioning –Prevent serious symptoms –Enable therapy to be more effective Must be used appropriately and only under care of psychiatrist or other physician

34 Effective Mental Health Treatment Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) Family Therapy Group Therapy THERAPY

35 TEACHER talks to student or parent TEACHER identifies a cause for concern in a student Teachers notify Wellness Center Staff PROCESS AT NEWARK HIGH SCHOOL Wellness Center handles problem or Wellness Center makes referral to Community Resources If problem is identified as a behavior/conduct problem, student is sent to ASSISTANT PRINCIPAL or ADVISOR. PSYCHOLOGISTPSYCHIATRISTSOCIAL WORKER SOCIAL SERVICES School Psychologist, School Social Worker or Interventionist CLINICAL SOCIAL WORKER

36 External Referral Process When help is needed beyond our school...

37 Managing Disorders in the Classroom Follow good classroom management principles Communicate with others Take care of yourself

38 Talking with Parents Start early Stick together Be positive and have perspective Observable behaviors


40 Changing a Lifes Course

41 More Resources for You –(American Psychiatric Association) Other Resources – (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)


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