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Improving Teen Mental Health Presentation for Teachers & Staff.

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Presentation on theme: "Improving Teen Mental Health Presentation for Teachers & Staff."— Presentation transcript:


2 Improving Teen Mental Health Presentation for Teachers & Staff


4 TODAY’S PRESENTATION Treatment Steps to take Warning signs Normal teen development Types of mental health problems Referral process Talking to parents Managing the Classroom State of the problem


6 (Insert Name of School)


8 No help = Pain Suffering Failing

9 At least 1 in 5 children and adolescents has a mental health disorder 1 in 10 has a serious disorder 90% of people who develop a mental disorder show warning signs during their teen years


11 HELP = Better academic achievement Less substance abuse Improved chances for their future


13 Everyone Can Make a Difference Every Adult School Staff Parents


15 Teachers’ Critical Role

16 Influential On the Front Lines Overburdened


18 NOTICETALK ACT Steps Teachers Can Take





23 Angry or aggressive behaviors

24 Poor concentration

25 Increased tardiness or absences

26 Withdrawn

27 Anxious

28 Typical? Troubled?


30 Complex period of rapid change, transition Challenges: fitting in, defining identity, competing demands (school, home) Sometimes - other home issues (divorce, violence or substance abuse) Bottom line: May display alterations of mood, distressing thoughts, anxiety, and impulsive behavior. Typical Teens


32 Experiencing more than normal developmental challenges Without treatment, more likely to have serious problems: Academic Relationships Employment Signs of Trouble


34 + environment What causes mental health disorders? biology


36 As you NOTICE signs, ask yourself, are they: FREQUENT ? –(e.g., student is quiet, withdrawn over multiple days/weeks) EXTREME ? –(e.g., violent outburst) If either: TALK with student ACT by communicating what you’ve seen/heard with school MH staff


38 Mood disorders Anxiety disorders Psychotic disorders Behavioral/disruptive disorders Teen Mental Health Disorders


40 CLINICAL DEPRESSION Deep despair, sadness, crying 1 in 13 teens experience symptoms BIPOLAR DISORDER Extreme changes from happy to sad 1 in 100 teens have it Hard to diagnose, looks like depression


42 ANXIETY DISORDERS Overwhelming fear with no cause Frequently runs in families EATING DISORDERS Unrealistic thoughts about weight 1 in 20 teens suffer; 90% females Can result in death


44 SCHIZOPHRENIA Strange thoughts, unusual behaviors High functioning, then big decline Distrustful, no longer social, voices ADHD Problems paying attention Can seriously impact ability to learn


46 OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER Stubborn, argumentative, hostile Major distraction in the classroom CONDUCT DISORDER Verbal/physical aggression End up in juvenile hall


48 Teen Mental Health & Substance Abuse

49 Teen use & abuse of alcohol and drugs can be common. Why? Curiosity, feels good, reduce stress, fit in, feel grown up Some use drugs/alcohol to compensate for anxiety, depression, lack of positive social skills


51 Some facts: Teen mental health & substance abuse: Mental health disorders often co-exist with substance abuse problems Repeated & regular recreational use can sometimes lead to anxiety and depression Teen risk factors for developing serious alcohol/drug problems: depressed, low self- esteem, feel out of mainstream, family history of substance abuse, lack of positive social skills

52 Warning Signs of teen drug/alcohol abuse Emotional: Personality change, mood changes Irritable, negative attitude Depression Irresponsible or delinquent behavior Drop in school performance Change in groups of friends

53 Warning Signs (cont’d) Physical: Fatigue Repeated health complaints Red/glazed eyes, lasting cough Changes in eating or sleeping habits

54 Marked change in school performance Inability to cope Physical complaints Sexual acting out Depression Abuse of alcohol/ drugs Intense fear of becoming obese Nightmares Threat to harm self or others Self-injury Frequent outbursts Threats to run away Aggression Unusual behavior


56 PsychiatristsPsychologists Mental Health Counselors

57 PsychiatristsPsychologists Mental Health Counselors


59 School Mental Health Professionals

60 EFFECTIVE TREATMENT Therapy, Medication –Sometimes combination works best No “silver bullet” or quick fix – timeframe depends on: –Severity of disorder –Temperament of child –Family & school support

61 MEDICATION Used to: –Improve daily functioning –Prevent serious symptoms –Enable therapy to be more effective Must be used appropriately and only under care of psychiatrist or other physician


63 Effective Mental Health Treatment Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) Family Therapy Group Therapy THERAPY


65 Effective Treatment for Mental Health and Substance Use Adolescent psychiatrist consultation to help with assessing for co-existing mental health diagnoses and treatment decisions Types of treatment might include inpatient, outpatient programs, support groups, twelve-step programs


67 TEACHER talks to student TEACHER identifies a cause for concern in a student TEACHER notifies SCHOOL COUNSELOR assigned to student (or CASE MANAGER for special ed students) PROCESS IN A SCHOOL STUDENT and SCHOOL COUNSELOR meet SCHOOL COUNSELOR handles problem OR SCHOOL COUNSELOR provides information on outside resources SCHOOL SOCIAL WORKER or PSYCHOLOGIST or other is engaged if needed If problem is identified as a behavior/conduct problem, student is sent to ASSISTANT PRINCIPAL PSYCHOLOGISTPSYCHIATRIST SOCIAL WORKER MH COUNSELOR

68 External Referral Process


70 Managing Disorders in the Classroom Follow good classroom management principles Communicate with others Take care of yourself



73 Talking with Parents Start early Stick together Be positive and have perspective Observable behaviors






79 Changing a Life’s Course


81 More Resources for You –(American Psychiatric Association) Other Resources – (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)



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