Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1 – Mental Disorders"— Presentation transcript:
1Lesson 1 – Mental Disorders Mental and Emotional ProblemsChapter 9Lesson 1 – Mental DisordersJournal: Write as many words as you can think of when you hear the term mental disorder. Categorize the words as positive or negative. What might this indicate about attitude regarding mental disorders?
2What are Mental Disorders? An illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life.Mental disorders require medical attention; many involve imbalances in brain chemistry
3Types of Mental Disorders Two categoriesOrganic – caused by physical illness or injury that affects the brainFunctional – psychological cause and does not involve brain damage.
4An anxiety disorder is a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control A phobia is a strong and irrational fear of something specific, such as high places, dogs, etcPicklesObsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) traps the affected person in a pattern of repeated thoughts or behaviorsPanic disorder involves sudden, unexpected feelings of terror, or panic attacksPost-traumatic stress disorder is a condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifying event that threatened or caused physical harm
5Mood DisordersAn illness, often with an organic cause, that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday lifeClinical depression – feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and despair that last for more than a few weeks and interfere with person’s ability to concentrate, sleep, perform at school or work, or handle everyday challengesBipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) – marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behavior
6Other Mental Disorders Eating disordersConduct disorder – pattern of behavior in which the rights of others or basic social rules are violatedSchizophrenia – severe mental disorder in which person loses contact with reality
7Other Mental Disorders Personality disorder – involves thoughts and behaviors that make it difficult to get along with othersAntisocial behavior is marked by irritable, aggressive, impulsive, and violent behaviorPassive-aggressive personality disorder is marked by uncooperative attitude and behavior
8Lesson 2 – Suicide Prevention Journal: Write down three danger signs you might detect in someone who is thinking about suicide. Why do you think these are warning signs? What can family and friends do to help a loved one who is exhibiting these signs?
9Suicide Risk FactorsSuicide is act of intentionally taking one’s own lifeMore than 90% of people that commit suicide suffer from depression or another mental disorder, or are abusing alcohol or other drugsOther suicidal risk factors include physical or sexual abuse, history of suicide attempts, or family history of emotional disorders or suicide
10Strategies to Prevent Suicide When a teen talks about suicide – where it’s done in a serious, casual, or even humorous manner, he/she must be taken seriously!Untreated depression is the leading cause of suicideWhat to do with person contemplating suicide:Initiate meaningful conversationShow support and ask questionsTry to persuade the person to seek helpCluster suicides – series of suicides occurring within short period of time from same school/community
11Lesson 3 – Getting helpJournal: Why do you think some people may find it difficult to seek help for mental and emotional problems?
12Knowing When to Get Help Seek help if any of these feelings persist over a period of days or weeks and begin to interfere with other aspects of daily living:You feel trapped with no way out, or worry all the timeYour feelings affect your sleep, eating, school work, job performance, or relationshipsYour family or friends express concern about your behaviorYou are becoming involved with alcohol or other drugsYou are becoming increasingly aggressive, violent, or reckless
13Signs that Professional Help is needed Symptoms that require intervention by a mental health professional include:Frequent outbursts of angerOverwhelming fear, anxiety, or anger at the worldUnexplained changes in sleeping or eating habitsSocial withdrawalMental disorders may get worse if untreatedThings to remember:Asking for needed help is sign of strength, not weaknessPeople with mental disorders often can’t get better on ownSometimes, sharing deepest thoughts with stranger is a relief
14Lesson 4 – Understanding Death and Grief Journal: What words come to mind when you imagine dealing with the loss of someone or something of great value?
15Different Kinds of Loss Many kinds of losses can result in emotional distress. Some losses result from rejection, the break-up of a relationship, a death, or a moveA strong emotional attachment can make loss deeply painful
16Expressions of GriefCoping is dealing successfully with difficult changes in your life.A grief response is an individual’s total response to a major lossThe grieving process involves these stages of grief:Denial or numbnessEmotional releaseAngerBargainingDepressionRemorseAcceptancehope
17Coping with DeathFocus on good things, not bad. Avoid focusing on what you could or should have doneMourning is the act of showing griefTo help others going through the grieving process, show empathy, take time to listen, share memories and appreciation of person who is goneA counselor or therapist who specializes in grief can help people through the grieving process
18Coping with Disaster and Crises Traumatic or sudden events, such as natural disasters, can leave people feeling a range of emotionsCoping mechanisms can ease process of recovery:Spend time with other peopleGet back to daily routines as soon as possibleEat nutritious foods, exercise, get enough restDo something positive to help your community through the event