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Lesson 1 – Mental Disorders

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1 Lesson 1 – Mental Disorders
Mental and Emotional Problems Chapter 9 Lesson 1 – Mental Disorders Journal: Write as many words as you can think of when you hear the term mental disorder. Categorize the words as positive or negative. What might this indicate about attitude regarding mental disorders?

2 What are Mental Disorders?
An illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life. Mental disorders require medical attention; many involve imbalances in brain chemistry

3 Types of Mental Disorders
Two categories Organic – caused by physical illness or injury that affects the brain Functional – psychological cause and does not involve brain damage.

4 An anxiety disorder is a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control
A phobia is a strong and irrational fear of something specific, such as high places, dogs, etc Pickles Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) traps the affected person in a pattern of repeated thoughts or behaviors Panic disorder involves sudden, unexpected feelings of terror, or panic attacks Post-traumatic stress disorder is a condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifying event that threatened or caused physical harm

5 Mood Disorders An illness, often with an organic cause, that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday life Clinical depression – feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and despair that last for more than a few weeks and interfere with person’s ability to concentrate, sleep, perform at school or work, or handle everyday challenges Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) – marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behavior

6 Other Mental Disorders
Eating disorders Conduct disorder – pattern of behavior in which the rights of others or basic social rules are violated Schizophrenia – severe mental disorder in which person loses contact with reality

7 Other Mental Disorders
Personality disorder – involves thoughts and behaviors that make it difficult to get along with others Antisocial behavior is marked by irritable, aggressive, impulsive, and violent behavior Passive-aggressive personality disorder is marked by uncooperative attitude and behavior

8 Lesson 2 – Suicide Prevention
Journal: Write down three danger signs you might detect in someone who is thinking about suicide. Why do you think these are warning signs? What can family and friends do to help a loved one who is exhibiting these signs?

9 Suicide Risk Factors Suicide is act of intentionally taking one’s own life More than 90% of people that commit suicide suffer from depression or another mental disorder, or are abusing alcohol or other drugs Other suicidal risk factors include physical or sexual abuse, history of suicide attempts, or family history of emotional disorders or suicide

10 Strategies to Prevent Suicide
When a teen talks about suicide – where it’s done in a serious, casual, or even humorous manner, he/she must be taken seriously! Untreated depression is the leading cause of suicide What to do with person contemplating suicide: Initiate meaningful conversation Show support and ask questions Try to persuade the person to seek help Cluster suicides – series of suicides occurring within short period of time from same school/community

11 Lesson 3 – Getting help Journal: Why do you think some people may find it difficult to seek help for mental and emotional problems?

12 Knowing When to Get Help
Seek help if any of these feelings persist over a period of days or weeks and begin to interfere with other aspects of daily living: You feel trapped with no way out, or worry all the time Your feelings affect your sleep, eating, school work, job performance, or relationships Your family or friends express concern about your behavior You are becoming involved with alcohol or other drugs You are becoming increasingly aggressive, violent, or reckless

13 Signs that Professional Help is needed
Symptoms that require intervention by a mental health professional include: Frequent outbursts of anger Overwhelming fear, anxiety, or anger at the world Unexplained changes in sleeping or eating habits Social withdrawal Mental disorders may get worse if untreated Things to remember: Asking for needed help is sign of strength, not weakness People with mental disorders often can’t get better on own Sometimes, sharing deepest thoughts with stranger is a relief

14 Lesson 4 – Understanding Death and Grief
Journal: What words come to mind when you imagine dealing with the loss of someone or something of great value?

15 Different Kinds of Loss
Many kinds of losses can result in emotional distress. Some losses result from rejection, the break-up of a relationship, a death, or a move A strong emotional attachment can make loss deeply painful

16 Expressions of Grief Coping is dealing successfully with difficult changes in your life. A grief response is an individual’s total response to a major loss The grieving process involves these stages of grief: Denial or numbness Emotional release Anger Bargaining Depression Remorse Acceptance hope

17 Coping with Death Focus on good things, not bad. Avoid focusing on what you could or should have done Mourning is the act of showing grief To help others going through the grieving process, show empathy, take time to listen, share memories and appreciation of person who is gone A counselor or therapist who specializes in grief can help people through the grieving process

18 Coping with Disaster and Crises
Traumatic or sudden events, such as natural disasters, can leave people feeling a range of emotions Coping mechanisms can ease process of recovery: Spend time with other people Get back to daily routines as soon as possible Eat nutritious foods, exercise, get enough rest Do something positive to help your community through the event

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