3AnxietyHave you ever experienced anxiety??What caused your anxiety?
4Symptoms of Anxiety Feelings of fear or dread Perspiration, trembling, restlessness, or muscle tensionRapid heart rate, lightheadedness, or shortness of breath
5What is Depression? Have you ever experienced depression?? What caused your depression?
6Two Types of Depression 1.) Reactive Depression- a response to a stressful event, such as the death of a friend.2.) Major Depression- a medical condition requiring treatment. This is more severe and lasts much longer than reactive depression; may develop from reactive depression, or may be the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain or a genetic tendency.
7Symptoms of Depression Irritable or restless moodWithdrawal from family and friendsChange in appetite or weightFeelings of guilt or worthlessnessA sense of hopelessness
8Managing Depression Write your feelings in a private journal. Draw, dance, or engage in some other creative activity.Talk about your feelings with your family and friends.Do something nice for someone else. It will take the focus away from you and your feelings.
9Types of Mental Disorders Anxiety DisordersPhobia:A strong and irrational fear of something specific, such as high places or dogs.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder:When a person is trapped in a pattern of repeated thoughts or behaviors.Panic Disorder:A person has sudden, unexplained feelings of terror; a condition in which fear and anxiety get in the way of a person’s ability to function and enjoy life.
10Anxiety Disorders, cont. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder:Common after a personal assault, such as rape; natural or human-made disasters, such as earthquakes or bombings; accidents, such as plane crashes; or military combat.Mood DisordersClinical DepressionResults from a chemical imbalance that a person cannot overcome without professional help; approx. 19 million Americans are affected every year.
11Mood Disorders, cont. Eating Disorders Bipolar Disorder Also known as manic-depressive disorder is marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behavior.Eating DisordersAnorexia NervosaBulimia NervosaCompulsive exercisingCompulsive overeating
12Personality Disorders Antisocial Personality DisorderPeople tend to be irritable, aggressive, impulsive, and violent; in many cases, they are unable to show remorse for their behaviors.Passive-Aggressive Personality DisorderPeople are often uncooperative; they resent being told what to do, yet they rely on others’ direction.
13Personality Disorders, cont. Borderline Personality DisorderPeople frequently experience a series of troubled relationships; they tend to engage in high-risk activities, and many have poor self-esteem.SchizophreniaA severe mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorders. Professional help and medication are necessary to successfully treat schizophrenia.
14Suicide Risk FactorsSubstance abuse, violence, or emotional, physical, or sexual abusePrior suicide attempts; family history of depression or other mental disorders
15Suicide Warning Signs 1.) Depression and hopelessness. 2.) Lack of energy and zest for life.3.) Withdrawal from family, friends, and social activities.4.) Drop in grades.
16Warning Signs, cont. 5.) Giving away prized possessions. 6.) Rebellious behavior or running away.7.) Drug and alcohol abuse.8.) Violent actions.9.) Personality changes.
18Getting Help Signs of Mental Health Problems: 1.) Prolonged sadness for no specific reasons.2.) Hopelessness- the sense that one’s life is out of control.3.) Violent or erratic mood shifts.4.) Inability to concentrate or to make decisions about daily life.1.) Sadness2.) Hopelessness3.) Violent4.) Concentrate
19Signs, cont. 5.) Overwhelming fear, anxiety, or anger at the world. 6.) Severe sleep disturbances- nightmares, insomnia, fitful sleep.7.) Compulsive behaviors such as repeated hand-washing.5.) Fear, Anxiety, Anger6.) Sleep7.) Compulsive
20Kinds of Professional Help PsychiatristNeurologistClinical PsychologistCounselorsPsychiatric Social Worker
21Conclusion Mental and Emotional Problems Depression Suicide Prevention Getting Help