Anxiety Have you ever experienced anxiety?? What caused your anxiety?
Symptoms of Anxiety Feelings of fear or dread Perspiration, trembling, restlessness, or muscle tension Rapid heart rate, lightheadedness, or shortness of breath
What is Depression? Have you ever experienced depression?? What caused your depression?
Two Types of Depression 1.) Reactive Depression- a response to a stressful event, such as the death of a friend. 2.) Major Depression- a medical condition requiring treatment. This is more severe and lasts much longer than reactive depression; may develop from reactive depression, or may be the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain or a genetic tendency.
Symptoms of Depression Irritable or restless mood Withdrawal from family and friends Change in appetite or weight Feelings of guilt or worthlessness A sense of hopelessness
Managing Depression Write your feelings in a private journal. Draw, dance, or engage in some other creative activity. Talk about your feelings with your family and friends. Do something nice for someone else. It will take the focus away from you and your feelings.
Types of Mental Disorders Anxiety Disorders –Phobia: A strong and irrational fear of something specific, such as high places or dogs. –Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: When a person is trapped in a pattern of repeated thoughts or behaviors. –Panic Disorder: A person has sudden, unexplained feelings of terror; a condition in which fear and anxiety get in the way of a person’s ability to function and enjoy life.
Anxiety Disorders, cont. –Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Common after a personal assault, such as rape; natural or human-made disasters, such as earthquakes or bombings; accidents, such as plane crashes; or military combat. Mood Disorders –Clinical Depression Results from a chemical imbalance that a person cannot overcome without professional help; approx. 19 million Americans are affected every year.
Mood Disorders, cont. –Bipolar Disorder Also known as manic-depressive disorder is marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behavior. Eating Disorders –Anorexia Nervosa –Bulimia Nervosa –Compulsive exercising –Compulsive overeating
Personality Disorders Antisocial Personality Disorder –People tend to be irritable, aggressive, impulsive, and violent; in many cases, they are unable to show remorse for their behaviors. Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder –People are often uncooperative; they resent being told what to do, yet they rely on others’ direction.
Personality Disorders, cont. Borderline Personality Disorder –People frequently experience a series of troubled relationships; they tend to engage in high-risk activities, and many have poor self- esteem. Schizophrenia –A severe mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorders. Professional help and medication are necessary to successfully treat schizophrenia.
Suicide Risk Factors Substance abuse, violence, or emotional, physical, or sexual abuse Prior suicide attempts; family history of depression or other mental disorders
Suicide Warning Signs 1.) Depression and hopelessness. 2.) Lack of energy and zest for life. 3.) Withdrawal from family, friends, and social activities. 4.) Drop in grades.
Warning Signs, cont. 5.) Giving away prized possessions. 6.) Rebellious behavior or running away. 7.) Drug and alcohol abuse. 8.) Violent actions. 9.) Personality changes.
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Getting Help Signs of Mental Health Problems: –1.) Prolonged sadness for no specific reasons. –2.) Hopelessness- the sense that one’s life is out of control. –3.) Violent or erratic mood shifts. –4.) Inability to concentrate or to make decisions about daily life.
Signs, cont. –5.) Overwhelming fear, anxiety, or anger at the world. –6.) Severe sleep disturbances- nightmares, insomnia, fitful sleep. –7.) Compulsive behaviors such as repeated hand-washing.
Kinds of Professional Help Psychiatrist Neurologist Clinical Psychologist Counselors Psychiatric Social Worker
Conclusion Mental and Emotional Problems Depression Suicide Prevention Getting Help