Presentation on theme: "AVIATION SAFETY QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAMME"— Presentation transcript:
1AVIATION SAFETY QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAMME International Civil Aviation OrganizationCapt. Jan JurekRegional Officer, Safety Oversight
2WHAT IS ASQAP ?It is a program with objective to prevent incidents and accidents trough corrective action provided by voluntary reports from Operators (Air Carrier) employees.ASQAP is non- punitive, non-disciplinary approach to accident prevention.It is a confidential agreement between the Individual, Operator and aviation regulating authority of the State, the CAA.Encourages preventive, rather than reactive, response.It is a Programme which maximizes the experience of pilots, mechanics, dispatchers and other key employees as the airline’s most valuable safety resources and offers a corrective-action approach for prevention of incidents and accidents.
3Potential value of ASQAP to the Aviation Industry ASQAP- Provides significant accident/incidents prevention strategies to be employed and shared industry-wide.ASQAP- Can assist the CAA enforcement policy by ensuring compliance through corrective action.ASQAP- Can assist the NTSB with proactive recommendations before accident occur.ASQAP- Can lead to improvement in Air traffic control service.ASQAP- Data and analysis can be protected and shared with the industry as informative/aducational data base.
4KEY ELEMENTS OF ASQAP Proactive partnership approach Strong reporting incentivesCloser association with ICAO, IATA,IAPA and the proper CAA.Scope of ASQAPOperator’s commitment, response, and accountabilityFlight safety benefits to airlines, pilots, Air traffic controllers and the CAA
5PROACTIVE PARTNERSHIP APPROACH Equal participation from airline flight and maintenance departments,The pilot association, the CAA is crucial to pilot confidence and to the overall success of ASQAP
6STRONG REPORTING INCENTIVES Sole – Source protection – Use immunityCorrective action, non punitive approach:Operator: Skill enhancement = additional training-to-proficiency(no check rides or line checks)CAA: Corrective action in lieu of legal certificate actionConfidentiality-ASQAP report handled in confidential manner by Event Reporting Team (ERT) – no record kept in a pilot’s personnel file.Anonymity provided after event review and corrective action is completed.
7ASSOCIATION WITH ORGANIZATIONS AND THE CAA Each report is automatically forwarded to the participating organizations.Pilots have confidence in CAA which contributes to ASQAP.Safety net if pilot does not agree with ERT recommendations and elect to withdraw from ASQAP
8SCOPE OF ASQAPAny report which describes a flight safety concern or possible Regulation deviation should be considered. At minimum, ASQAP should seek to address:All phases of ground and flight operations and proceduresAir Traffic ControlDispatch, load and aircraft performanceMaintenance and MELHuman FactorsTechnology and aircraft equipment
9AIRLINE COMMITMENT, RESPONSE, AND ACCOUNTABILITY Airline management must commit to provide personnel and staff support, including a objective fourth party neutral to coordinate ASQAP and administer accounting systemAirline’s response to ERT recommendations must cross departmental boundaries: system operational control, dispatch, maintenance, flight etc. ASQAP must have full support of senior airline operations management.ASQAP system accountability must allow documented response to ERT recommendations both with the airline and from the CAA
10FLIGHT SAFETY BENEFITS TO AIRLINES, PILOTS, AND THE CAA Overall Safety Awareness. Each debrief is de-identified and than made available for review to all pilots of the airline. Periodic updates, safety analysis, posters, and messages should be provided.ASQAP provides a clearer, more accute view of flight safety as provided by line pilots(less than 4% of all events have been reported by ATC so far with established programme.Corrective-action approach allows preventive action to be taken by those given flight safety responsibilities. ASQAP allows real solution to potential flight safety hazards identified by line pilots with natural applications to training,CRM,and line flying procedures.ASQAP is cost-effective. Previously required legal,representational and investigative expenses can now be applied to corrective and preventive actions.
11ERT DECISION GUIDELINE FLOWCHART DOES THE DEBRIEF MEET ASQAPREPORTING REQUIREMENTS ?NOREJECTED FROM ASQAP WITH OR WITHOUTRECOMMENDATIONSOTHER DEPTASQAPYESORYESDO WE BELIEVE THAT REGULATIONWAS VIOLATED ?YESWAS ANOTHER OPERATOR’S DEPT.OR INDIVIDUAL OUTSIDE OF DEPT.SOLELY RESPONSIBLE ?SELFDISCLOSURENONOOTHER DEPT.ASQAPSELFDISCLOSUREORYESWAS RESPONSIBILITY SHARED WITHANOTHER OPERATORS DEPT ORINDIVIDUAL OUTSIDE THE DEPARTMENT ?IS THERE A SIGNIFICANT FLIGHTSAFETY CONCERN BESTADDRESSED BY THE ERT ?IS IT A SOLE SOURCE ?NOMITIGATING FACTORS?NOMITIGATING FACTORS?YESNOCAA LETTER OF CORRECTIONNODID INVESTIGATION REVEAL INDEPENDENTEVIDENCE OF VIOLATION ?YESYESSPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES ?ERT RESPONSENOCAA LETTEROF NO ACTIONRETURN TO TRADITIONALREPORTING SYSTEM WITH ORWITHOUT RECOMMENDATIONSCORRECTIVE ACTIONAppendix -1