10 Policy of ContainmentUS to halt Communist expansion through limited military means & non-military meansStrategic Areas – Western Europe & JapanTruman Doctrine – give aid to any countries threatened by Communism
12 The Marshall Plan George C $17 billion recovery program for Western EuropeUSSR & E. satellites refuse $Increase in US exportsDeepened cold war divide
13 Berlin Blockade & Airlift June 48 USSR cuts access to Berlin > Truman would not w/draw or use force > supply by airlift ensued > Atomic bombers sent to England > Stalin does not challenge > (Truman wins in 48) > Stalin blinks in May 49Effect: 2 GermanysFederal Republic of (West)Democratic Republic of (East)
14 Opposing Alliances NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949) Democratic CountriesBreak w/Washington’s advice and long standing policy10 Euros + US & CanadaTruman placed troops in in W Europe under EisenhowerWarsaw Pact (1955)USSR & Communist Countries
15 National Security Act 1947 Dept of “Defense” Creates Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)Gather info on foreign nationsDomestic spying?
17 Arms RaceUS monopoly 45-49Long range bombersUSSR 1st bomb in 49Truman approved Hydrogen-bomb in 49, completed by 52
18 Cold War AsiaJapan – Parliamentary Democracy, US-Japanese Security Treaty ’51 > ally in AsiaChina – communists under Mao take over by ‘49Republicans especially worried about the “loss of China”
19 Korean War Communist North Korea attacks Democratic South Korea (1950) Containment policyUN sends forces to fight communists under MacArthurAmphibious attack at InchonChinese drive US out of N. KoreaBy Stalemate War ends