2Confidential Information The information contained in this presentation is intended to assist law enforcement officials, teachers, parents and concerned citizens in the identification of gang activity, symbols, graffiti, and practices. It is not intended to encourage persecution of any single person, group, organization, or religion. This information should be used as a general guide and not an ultimate source of identification of all gang and threat group practices.
3State Coordinator for the National Major Gang Task Force U.S. Army – 5 yrs.Criminal Justice DegreeN.C. Dept. of Correction – 12 yrs.N.C. Basic Correctional Officer CertificationN.C. Juvenile Justice Officer CertificationN.C. General Instructor CertificationN.C. Advance Training CertificateLaw Enforcement Instructor Vance Granville Community CollegeMember of NCGIAMember of SCGIAMember of CGIAMember of ILGIAState Coordinator for the National Major Gang Task Force
4Applies to Juveniles 12 yrs. of age and up Felony to participate in a criminal street gangFelony to solicit or coerce another to participate in a criminal street gang10 yr. penalty enhancement for leaders and organizers2 million grant from the NCGCC for street gang violence prevention and intervention
5Uniform Legal Definition of “GANG” Uniform Definition of “Gang Member” Uniform Definition of “Gang Crime”The above three elements would allow community officials to identify the presence of gangs in their communities. The latitude of non-standardized definitions inhibits acknowledgement of the presence of gangs due to subjective interpretation at the local level.From uniform definitions come better intelligence gathering and jurisdictional sharing of information.Tools allowing criminal justice agencies (DJJDP, DOC, state and local Law Enforcement, and Courts) do exist, however, are not implemented state-wide yet.
6Criminal Street Gang - Any ongoing organization, association, or group of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, which engages in a pattern of criminal gang activity. The existence of the organization, association, or group of individuals associated in fact may be established by evidence of a common name or common identifying signs, symbols, tattoos, graffiti, or attire or other distinguishing characteristics.
7Governor’s Crime Commission (2004) Report In 1999 a reported 332 gangs with 5,143 membersIn 2004 a reported 387 gangs with 8,517 membersAges range from 8 – 50 yrs. of ageAges 13 – 15 entry ageAges 16 – 25 significant involvementNational / 21,500 gangs with 731,500 members
8Ethnic/Racial Make-Up of Gangs Ethnicity Frequency PercentNot KnowAfrican AmericanAfrican American/AsianAfrican American/HispanicAfrican American/WhiteAsianCaucasianCaucasian/AsiaCaucasian/HispanicHispanicLatinMixed GroupTotal
14Minimum total number of NameNumber of countiesMinimum total number ofMean size membersSurenos (Sur-13)231855123.7Mara Salvatrucha(MS-13)1843033.1Vatos Locos1636136.1Latin Kings117214.4Mexican Mafia816240.518th Street69331Brown Pride425
15Gang Name Range (months) Average Time Very Dangerous Mexicans18th StreetSurenos (Sur-13)Vatos LocosLatin KingsMara Salvatrucha (MS-13)MalditosMexican Mafia
16Gang Net is a web based data collection and sharing system that utilizes Sequel databases and dynamic web entry and query capabilities allowing registered users to access information entered by all neighboring jurisdictions. Queries can be preformed on tattoos, gang name, individual's name, associates, and many other elements
17Gang Net Validation Criteria Self AdmittanceFrequents gang areasAssociates with known gang affiliates/membersUses hand signs or gesturesTattoos / marks / scarsGang dress or attireUses gang terminologyPhysical evidence / photos, documents etc.Reliable source / untested sourceInvolved in a gang related incidentClassification Admittance
18Subject has admitted to being a gang member Cal gang Validation CriteriaSubject has admitted to being a gang memberSubject has been arrested alone or with known gang members for offenses consistent with usual gang activitySubject has been identified as a gang member by a reliable informant/sourceSubject has been identified as a gang member by an untested informantSubject has been seen affiliating with documented gang membersSubject has been seen displaying symbols and or had signsSubject has been seen frequenting gang areasSubject has been seen wearing gang dressSubject is known to have gang tattoos
19WSPD Validation Criteria Self AdmittanceRacist / Gang / Occult related tattoosDocumented association with other gang membersInvolved in gang related crimeLetters/DrawingsGang monikers / NicknamesHand signs / Codes / SlangScars / Marks / BrandsInformation from field contacts (L.E. Agencies)Gang Data BasesGraffiti-Style Writing and SymbolsStylized hair cuts or jewelryStylized / special dress color and or brand of clothingPhotographs and or documents