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ANTI NARCOTICS FORCE PAKISTAN-PRESENTATION ASEAN REGIONAL FORUM SEMINAR ON NARCOTICS CONTROL 19-21 September2007,Xian,China.

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Presentation on theme: "ANTI NARCOTICS FORCE PAKISTAN-PRESENTATION ASEAN REGIONAL FORUM SEMINAR ON NARCOTICS CONTROL 19-21 September2007,Xian,China."— Presentation transcript:

1 ANTI NARCOTICS FORCE PAKISTAN-PRESENTATION ASEAN REGIONAL FORUM SEMINAR ON NARCOTICS CONTROL September2007,Xian,China

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4 Existing Level of Cooperation with ASEAN and Proposals for its Enhancement

5 Sequence of Presentation Level of Drug Trafficking between Pakistan and ASEAN Details of Pakistani and ASEAN Nationals arrested on drug charges State of ongoing cooperation between Pakistan and ASEAN on drugs Control Position on Signing of MOUs /Agreements Achievement of Pakistan in War Against Drugs Proposal for enhancing cooperation with ASEAN Countries

6 No drug trafficking case reported between Pakistan and Brunei, Cambodia, LAO PDR, Vietnam, Myanmar and Malaysia Drug Trafficking between Pakistan and ASEAN is at low key, hence there is no threat of drug trafficking to ASEAN from Pakistan Level of Drug Trafficking Between Pakistan and ASEAN

7 Pakistani Arrested in ASEAN from till date Country of Arrest CasesArrestsHeroin Recovered Indonesia Singapore Thailand China Philippine Total

8 Nationals of ASEAN Arrested in Pakistan from till date NationalityCasesArrestsHeroin (in kg) Recovered Indonesian Philippines Singaporean Thai Heroin Opium Malaysian Chinese LAO Total

9 State of ongoing cooperation between Pakistan and ASEAN on drugs Control Signing of MOUs/Agreements is being carried out with interested countries on individual basis Pakistan is exchanging information on drug cases with the affected countries on voluntary basis Following have been shared with ASEAN Secretariat through MOFA Papers on alternative development / crop substitution Paper on Anti Poppy Strategy of Pakistan List of MNC/ANF focal points

10 MOUs/Extradition Treaties With ASEAN MOU – For Transnational Crimes Signed with Cambodia LAO Thailand Singapore Brunei Philippines MOU – For Co-operation in Combating Drug Trafficking Signed with China Indonesia

11 Proposal for Enhancing Cooperation with ASEAN Although, there is no threat of drug trafficking to ASEAN from Pakistan yet, MOUs on drug control may be signed with ASEAN to enhance cooperation against drug threat with all ASEAN. Focal Points of ASEAN may be exchanged between MNC/ANF and Drug LEAs of ASEAN for facilitating information exchange on drug cases Training courses being organized by ANF Academy can be offered to interested ASEAN. For this annual schedule of training at ANF Academy will be exchanged with ASEAN Secretariat. Pakistan and ASEAN may exchange their expertise and best practices in the areas where they have achieved significant results. Pakistans efforts on crop eradication and alternative developments can be shared for the benefit of ASEAN We may request Myanmar and LAO PDR to enhance interaction with Pakistan for sharing their experience on successful poppy crop eradication efforts in their countries

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13 Worsening Afghan drug situation – increased drug trafficking Threat Dimension Smuggling of ATS, Psychotropic Substances and Cocaine Possibility of Diversion and Smuggling of Precursor Chemicals to Afghanistan

14 YIELD AREA CULTIVATED (Hectares)(Metric Tons) Opium Production in Afghanistan

15 Opiates Available for International Market During 2006 Total Production in Afghanistan =610 MT Regional Seizure (Heroin equivalent)=130 MT Afgh–Rus Fed–CARs–Pak–Iran+Turkey = Domestic Consumption = 128 MT Afgh–Rus Fed–CARs–Pak–Iran-Turkey NA Possible Slippages out of Containment= Ring, available for International Market 352 MT

16 Comparative Flow of Opiates 352 MT Total possible slippages out of Containment Ring Balkan Route Pakistan Silk Route CARs + Russian Fed 85 MT 24% Iran 127 MT 36% 140 MT 40%

17 ASSESSMENT OF DRUG SITUATION IN AFGHANISTAN Despite Afghan and international efforts an exponential upsurge in opium production has been witnessed (50% increase expected this year). This necessitates a review of the strategy being followed by all stake holders. Reported amnesty to Drug Traffickers by Afghan Government. Lack of writ of Central Government (hinterland controlled by warlords). Warlords are involved and providing protection to drug trade Ministry of Counter Narcotics (MCN) and Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA) not fully effective as yet. Judicial system in nascent stage Allocated funds for alternative livelihood not reaching the farmers. According to UNODC only 0.7 million of the allocated US $ 75 million reached the farmers. Linkage between drugs and terrorism Countries surrounding Afghanistan are under severe pressure and need to be strengthened

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19 TRENDS Convoys through Balochistan Increased resistance Night movement Use of Satellite phones for EW Air Ports Concealment in Baggage Swallow / Ingest Wrapping around bodies Heroin concealed in shampoo bottles Psychotropic injections Seaports Containers Through Boats Courier Services Unaccompanied Baggage Impregnated Letters/soaked apparels Trafficking of liquid heroin Hiring of families as couriers

20 Iran India China CARs Afghanistan Pakistan Arabian Sea JAMMU & KASHMIR (DISPUTED AREA) Africa KARACHI LAHORE QUETTA ISLAMABAD PESHAWAR GAWADAR Gulf States Dhaka Colombo SEA ROUTES Bangkok Bombay ROUTES LAND ROUTES AIR ROUTES

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