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Latest Developments and Key Initiatives in the region Twenty-ninth Meeting of Heads of National Drug Law Enforcement Agencies, Asia and the Pacific 7 –

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Presentation on theme: "Latest Developments and Key Initiatives in the region Twenty-ninth Meeting of Heads of National Drug Law Enforcement Agencies, Asia and the Pacific 7 –"— Presentation transcript:

1 Latest Developments and Key Initiatives in the region Twenty-ninth Meeting of Heads of National Drug Law Enforcement Agencies, Asia and the Pacific 7 – 11 November 2005 Hanoi, Viet Nam

2 US Department of StateGoUM - UNODC -80% since % from last year Opium poppy cultivation in Myanmar

3 Global opium poppy cultivation

4 Methamphetamine pill seizures in the region (2004)

5 Crystalline methamphetamine seizures in the region (2004)

6 Pill formCrystalline form  Increase  Decrease  No change  Not reported Methamphetamine abuse trend in 2004

7 Trafficking in Precursor Chemicals and Illicit ATS manufacture ‘97‘02‘03‘04 Labs Year Philippines Current scenario: Illicit methamphetamine manufacture: Myanmar border regions, SE China still main focal points; Philippines - new focal point; Other countries targeted e.g. Malaysia, Fiji Indonesia - emerging base for illicit MDMA manufacture

8 IDU population & HIV prevalence among IDUs (1998/2003) MALDIVES unknown INDIA 563,000 – 2,025,000 IRAN 112,000 – 300,000 MALAYSIA 150,000 – 240,000 MYANMAR 90,000 – 300,000 PAKISTAN 54,000 – 870,000 VIETNAM 70,000 – 156,000 INDONESIA 160,000 – 1,000,000 THAILAND 20,000-76,000 AFGHANISTAN 23,000 – 45,000 CAMBODIA 300 – 1,000 LAOS 5,000 – 11,000 NEPAL 24,000 – 58,000 PHILIPPINES 10,000 – 24,000 BRUNEI 3,000 – 4,000 SINGAPORE 10,000-20,000 SRI LANKA 18,000 – 38,000 TIMOR HIV PREVALENCE Bangladesh: 0 – 2.6% Brunei Dar. : 3.8% India: 1.3 – 81% Indonesia: 14.9 – 56% Iran: 0 – 13% Laos: 0% Malaysia: % Myanmar: 7 – 92.3% Nepal: 8.3 – 80% Pakistan: 0 – 0.04% Philippines: 0 – 1% Singapore: 1.7% Thailand: 20 – 90.9% Viet Nam: 0 – 89.4% BANGLADESH 25,000 – 170,00 BHUTAN unknown IDU POPULATION UN Reference Group on HIV/AIDS prevention and care among IDU

9 AD/RAS/99/D91 Jinghong Guan Lei 81 kms. Mekong River Wan Keng Xiang Kok Wan Pong Ban Mom Chieng Saen Chieng Khong Ton Phueng Bokeo Chreng Thom Kaam Samnor Song Tien Long Binh Pone Thong Chong Mek Kaw Tawng Ranong Laying Lweje Chin Shwehaw Qinsuihe Mengla Loung Namtha Dongxing Mong Cai Lac Sao Cau Treo Moc Bai Bavet Dong Kalor Stueng Treng Tachilek Mae Sai Myawaddy Mae Sot Aranyaprathet Poi Pet Hardlek Koh Kong Quang Tri Phetsawan Forty two Border Liaison Offices (BLOs) have been established under the support of UNODC RAS/D91 Project. More than 240 Officers and fully working at high risk border areas among 6 MOU Countries More than 240 Officers and fully working at high risk border areas among 6 MOU Countries

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12 Regional Initiative Second ACCORD Congress New Plan of Action for each Pillar of ACCORD for Congress Declaration Special Initiative on ATS-related crimes

13 Proposed regional joint law enforcement operations Proposed regional joint law enforcement operations ATS and their precursors – backtracking operationsATS and their precursors – backtracking operations Target casesTarget cases*** Standard Operating Procedures

14 Further challenges Ketamine Ketamine Psycotropic substances – Internet sales / Cyber trafficking. Psycotropic substances – Internet sales / Cyber trafficking.

15 Presentation by Mr. Akira Fujino Representative UNODC Regional Centre for East Asia and the Pacific


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