Presentation on theme: "REGIONAL FRAMEWORKS AND INITIATIVES"— Presentation transcript:
1REGIONAL FRAMEWORKS AND INITIATIVES DATIN PADUKA INTAN KASSIMBRUNEI COMMISSIONER FOR WOMEN TO ACWCPRESENTED ATRegional Consultation on the Right to an Effective Remedy for Trafficked PersonsFriday, 27 September 2013,Meeting Room “A”, the United Nations Building, Rajadamnern Avenue,Bangkok 10200, Thailand
2REGIONAL INITIATIVESASEAN Declaration Against Trafficking in Persons Particularly Women and Children (2004)The document was adopted by ASEAN heads of state at the 10th ASEAN Summit in Vientiane, Laos PDR on 29 November the Declaration lays the groundwork for a regional approach to preventing and combating trafficking in persons. Member Countries reaffirmed their commitment to intensify regional coordination and cooperation among immigration and law enforcement personnel, while respecting and safeguarding the dignity and human rights of victims of trafficking. .
3Strengthening border control and monitoring mechanisms, Key commitments in the declaration include the following:Establishing a regional focal network to prevent and combat trafficking in persons, particularly women and children;Adopting measures to prevent the fraudulent use of passports, official travel documents, identity documents and other documents;Undertaking regular exchanges of views and information on relevant migratory flows, trends and patterns;Strengthening border control and monitoring mechanisms,
4Enacting applicable and necessary legislation; Intensifying cooperation among immigration and other law enforcement authorities;Distinguishing between the victims of trafficking and the perpetrators;Ensuring the victims are treated humanely, and provided with essential medical and other assistance including prompt repatriation;Undertaking actions to respect and safeguard the dignity and human rights of victims of trafficking;Undertaking coercive measures against those engaged in trafficking in persons, and offering the widest possible assistance to punish these activities; andTaking measures to strengthen regional and international cooperation to prevent and combat trafficking in persons.
5Work Plan to implement the 2004 Declaration .Work Plan to implement the 2004 Declarationcommits SOMTC and other parts of ASEAN to a broad programme of activities in four areas:Regional and international cooperation;Law enforcement cooperation in the investigation of trafficking cases;Prosecution and adjudication of trafficking cases; andVictim and to strengthen their criminal justice responses within and between ASEAN Member States protection and support.The Work Plan encourages Member States to develop common standards to prevent and combat trafficking in persons
6ASEAN DECLARATION ON THE PROTECTION AND PROMOTION OF THE RIGHTS OF MIGRANT WORKERS (2007). calls for improved migrant worker rights and welfare, as well as taking steps to combat human smuggling and trafficking.identifies a number of key principles relating to migrant workers as well as commitments on the part of receiving States, sending states and the ASEAN community as a whole.
7ASEAN Committee on the Implementation of the Declaration Established in 2007, by ASEAN Foreign MinistersThis Committee is responsible for ensuring the effective implementation of the commitments made under the Declaration and facilitating the development of an ASEAN instrument on the protection and promotion of the rights of migrant workers.
8Criminal Justice Responses to Trafficking in Persons: Guidelines (2007) Criminal Justice Responses to Trafficking In Persons : ASEAN Practitioner Guidelines (2007)- provide detailed guidance to criminal justice practitioners on international cooperation as it relates to trafficking in persons cases. These guidelines cover the major areas of investigatory / prosecutorial / judicial responses to TIP including evidentiary issues, mutual legal assistance and extradition.
9Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (2004) improves working relationships between security and law enforcement agencies to enhance the regional response to transnational crime. The MLAT establishes procedures for requesting and providing assistance in the collection of evidence for criminal investigations and proceedings.
10To strengthen cooperation at the regional level; ASEAN Declaration on Transnational Crime (1997)emphasizes the importance of a unified regional approach to combating transnational crime. The Declaration affirms the agreement of all ASEAN Member States to take ‘firm and stern measures’ to combat transnational crime, including the trafficking of women and children. Member Countries agreed to the following measures to combat transnational crime:To strengthen cooperation at the regional level;To expand the scope of their efforts;To convene an ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime, as the Peak ASEAN body to coordinate activities on transnational crime; andTo hold discussions with other Member Countries about bilateral and regional agreements on issues such as mutual legal assistance.
11The ASEAN Guidelines for the Protection of the Rights of Trafficked Children was developed by Asia ACTs to put in place mechanisms that would prevent victims of child trafficking from further exploitation.This NGO initiative was adopted by the ASEAN Senior Officials on Social Welfare and Development in 2007.
12COUNTRY/COUNTRIES INITIATIVES 1. Prevention and awareness campaignFormation of website – cooperation with otherseg Asia Regional Cooperation to Prevent People Trafficking (ARCPPT) websiteARCPPT is a three year Project funded by the Australian Government and managed by ACIL Australia. Its goal is to contribute to the prevention of people trafficking in South East Asia. The Project is working in four ASEAN countries: Thailand, Lao PDR, Myanmar (Burma) and Cambodiae.g The Asia Foundation websitemulti-lingual anti-trafficking in persons Web site for Cambodia and Thailand . It is intended to serve as a consolidated access point for counter-trafficking NGOs, government officials, and other organizations in Cambodia and across the region to find and share critical information on human trafficking.
13Cooperation effortsMou between Thai Government and NGOMoU on Common Guidelines and Practices for Government Agencies Concerned with Cases of Trafficking in Women and ChildrenMoU on the Procedural Cooperation between Government and Non-Government Agencies working with Cases of Trafficking in Women and ChildrenMoU on the Operational Guidelines of Non-Governmental Agencies Concerned with Cases of Trafficking in Women and ChildrenMekong sub-region initiativesMinisterial meeting and senior official meetings
14Mekong Governments Agreement on Human Trafficking On 29th October 2004, in Yangon, the COMMIT (Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative Against Trafficking) Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was officially signed by Ministerial representatives from Cambodia, P.R. China, Lao P.D.R, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.The Philippine Government works with international NGOs and foreign governments to combat human trafficking in the Philippines and of Filipino migrants abroad.
15Anti-trafficking Agreement Signed between Vietnam and Thailand The agreement signed is a move towards adopting a standard operating procedure for victim identification and repatriation, which includes the adoption by all regional legal systems of the UN's definition of trafficked persons
16REGIONAL STATUS Some ASEAN countries are source and transit men, women, and children are trafficked for sexual and labor exploitation within ASEAN countries itself and to other region.Some countries are destination country - men, women, and children who are subjected to conditions of forced labor, and women and children subjected to sex traffickingSome ASEAN countries are major source country for women, children, and men who are subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor
17ACWC Work PlanACWC has only been in existence for 3 years-inugerated in 2010.Trafficking is one of the areas identified in the Work Plan o]f ACWC]Children’s rights:review existing practices on treatment/ management of victimsof trafficking (i.e. rescue, recovery, repatriation, rehabilitation,reintegration, referral system, and assistance) of victims of traffickingin women and children among country of origin, transit countries,and receiving country to strengthen the assistance mechanism forvictims of trafficking
18Women’s rights:Promotion of “access of justice” among victims of VAW, focusing on victims of trafficking byFormulation of gender sensitized modules on comprehensive aspects of handling trafficking cases (e.g. referral system, repatriation, services to victims, etc)followed by capacity building programmes for criminal justice officials and social services providers.f
19CHALLENGES Political differences in approach and National priorities Cost issues – trans border cooperation.Differences in the legal systemLack of awareness and knowledge on issueCorruption