Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ASEAN: Evolution, Challenges and Prospects Amitav Acharya UNESCO Chair in Transnational Challenges and Governance; and Chair of the ASEAN Studies Center.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ASEAN: Evolution, Challenges and Prospects Amitav Acharya UNESCO Chair in Transnational Challenges and Governance; and Chair of the ASEAN Studies Center."— Presentation transcript:

1 ASEAN: Evolution, Challenges and Prospects Amitav Acharya UNESCO Chair in Transnational Challenges and Governance; and Chair of the ASEAN Studies Center School of International Service American University

2 Three Parts ASEAN’s Origin and Evolution ASEAN’s Achievements and Limitations ASEAN’s Future Prospects

3 ASEAN’s Origins and Evolution Established Reasons for creation: – No regional group in Southeast Asia before – Conflict-resolution: Indonesia-Malaysia conflict called Konfrontasi. – Communist rebellions (backed by China and USSR) against pro-Western governments in Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Philippines – Superpower intervention during the Cold War- Indochina – Economic Nationalism and underdevelopment

4 ASEAN Members 1967: Five. Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, and Singapore 1984: Brunei 1995: Vietnam 1997: Myanmar and Laos 1999: Cambodia (ASEAN Ten) 2011: East Timor (?)

5 Characterstics of Membership Diverse cultures: Muslim, Buddhist, Christian, Confucian Divergent colonial history: – British (Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar) – Dutch (Indonesia) – French (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos) – Spanish/American (Philippines) – Portugese (East Timor) Different political systems: – Military Myanmar), communist (Vietnam, Laos), soft- authoritarian (Malaysia and Singapore), stable democracy (Indonesia), unstable democracy (Thailand and Philippines) – parliamentary democracy, presidential democracy

6 ‘ASEAN Way’ Refers to the belief that to the extent possible, regional interactions among ASEAN members and between ASEAN and outside countries should be informal, non-legalistic, consensus-based and inclusive. Relative informality of interactions Non-legalistic cooperation Consensus-based decision-making Inclusivity This approach is changing now, in the face of criticism and limitations, especially after the 1997 economic crisis

7 Achievements No major conflict among members since founding Inclusive membership: Vietnam joining in 1995 key development Key role in the resolution of Cambodia conflict Engaging all the major powers of the world – China, US, Japan, India, Russia, EU) through dialogue and cooperation

8 Mixed Record Economic Cooperation: intra-ASEAN trade still around 25% of total trade, mechanisms for financial crisis untested Persisting Intra-ASEAN Conflicts: Thailand-Cambodia, Singapore-Malaysia, Maritime disputes South China Sea Dispute: China, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, and Taiwan Transnational Threats: Environmental degradation, Deforestation and haze problem, Piracy, Terrorism, Drug trafficking, People Smuggling, Natural disasters

9 Recent Developments Community-Building (Bali Concord II-2003) – ASEAN Economic Community (Free Trade and customs Union, investment area) – ASEAN Political-Security Community (Conflict resolution, Cooperation against common challenges such as terrorism, piracy, disaster management, etc) – ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (people’s ASEAN, caring and sharing ASEAN) ASEAN Charter (2008)-legal personality, consolidation of treaties and agreements, compliance enforcement East Asian Summit (2005). New reigonal architecture; Now includes US and Russia

10 Challenges for the Future Rise of China and India, a multipolar world Increasing burden: scope of issues, and membership, and partnerships Sovereignty and non-Interference in an age of globalization and transnational challenges Compliance with new rules and the Charter: National interest version regional interest ASEAN’s unity and cohesion - Can ASEAN’s centrality in Asian regional architecture be assured for next 20 years? -ASEAN 2030: “Wise counsel of Asia or marginalized relic of the past”


Download ppt "ASEAN: Evolution, Challenges and Prospects Amitav Acharya UNESCO Chair in Transnational Challenges and Governance; and Chair of the ASEAN Studies Center."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google