2 Italian Renaissance: “Rebirth” 1350 - 1550 Where: Venice, ItalyMostly “urban” societyCity-statesSecularism (secular)Economic boom = materialism & growing upper- middle classInterest in ancient ideas—esp. Rome & GreeceFocus on Man- “Renaissance Man”
3 Changes brought by the Renaissance ArtLiterature: VernacularArchitectureScienceGovernmental ideologiesReligion & ?ing church–Papal Schism “The Great Schism” 1378 – 14172 claimed title of PopeAvignon ,France VS Rome
4 Humanism emphasis on classic lit & art Greek & Roman emphasis Petrarch= Father of Ren. (late 1300’s)Planted seeds of Rensearched for lost manuscriptsemphasis on loyalty to state
8 Wealthy Italian Power Families Milan: Visconti then SforzaVenice: ruled by Doge (position not name)Florence: Medici (BRIEFLY Savonarola)SavonarolaBonfires of the VanitiesHeresy = execution (1498)More Medici!
10 The PatronsWealthy supporters – ArtsMedici & other wealthy families
11 The Italian Wars: late 1400s’s to early 1500’s Jealous monarchs ItalyFrench King Charles VIII heads to ItalySpain (Charles I) asked to help NaplesPeninsula war grounds 30 yrs1527: Sack of Romeends wars,Spain dominant force