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The Italian Renaissance. Quick Vocab Review Renaissance: means “rebirth” ◦ Bringing back the classical world of the Greeks and Romans.

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Presentation on theme: "The Italian Renaissance. Quick Vocab Review Renaissance: means “rebirth” ◦ Bringing back the classical world of the Greeks and Romans."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Renaissance

2 Quick Vocab Review Renaissance: means “rebirth” ◦ Bringing back the classical world of the Greeks and Romans

3 Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance Italy is made up of city-states ◦ These city-states were the center of the Italian political, economic, and social worlds These city-states are secular ◦ Many Italians began to enjoy day-to-day activities and the benefits of strong trade and industry

4 Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance Europe is recovering from disasters of the 14 th century ◦ Who can think of some of them? ◦ Recovery and rebirth go hand in hand Italian thinkers going back to their Roman past ◦ Once again interested in the culture that dominated the ancient Mediterranean world  Started seeing humans in new ways  Affected politics and art

5 Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance New Emphasis on the individual and their abilities ◦ New social ideal: well-rounded personality, or universal person ◦ The “Renaissance Man” – able to achieve things in many different areas of life I’m DaVinci… I am the ULTIMATE Renaissance Man. I was skilled as a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician… WINNING!

6 The Italian States What is a city-state? ◦ Independent governments that are not unified or part of a single entity During the Renaissance, Italy did not form a centralized government

7 Who were the powerhouses? Milan: Duomo Square Venice Florence

8 Why was it that the Italian cities prospered? Benefited from trade on the Mediterranean as well as northern Europe Profited from the crusades—set up new trading centers in eastern ports

9 Milan Location is Key: ◦ On the crossroads of trade routes from Italian coastal cities to the Alpine Ruled by Visconti and Sforza families ◦ Created a strong central government ◦ Efficient tax system brought great revenues

10 Venice Rich from trading in eastern Mediterranean and northern Europe Ran by merchant-aristocrats Wealth gave the city international power

11 Florence Led several successful military campaigns to gain land and influence Controlled by the Medici family ◦ They used power and wealth to control the city through appointing favorites and supporters

12 The Problem with being a “little guy” France and Spain made Italy their battle ground ◦ The Italian city-states weren’t powerful enough to protect themselves from the French so they appealed to the Spanish for help Spanish leaders couldn’t pay their troops so they said the soldiers could sack Rome ◦ Sack of Rome 1527—end of Renaissance ◦ Women raped, church officials sold as slaves, churches and palaces robbed

13 Machiavelli Diplomat in Florence, forced to exile Wrote “The Prince” His views had a profound influence on later political leaders

14 Social Classes of the Renaissance Three classes (or ‘estates’) ◦ Clergy (those who prayed) ◦ Nobles (those who fought) ◦ Peasants/Townspeople (those who worked)

15 Nobility Only 2-3% of the population ◦ Held important political posts and advised the king The Book of Courtier— Castiglione (1528) ◦ Nobles are born, not made; should have character, grace, and talent ◦ Perfect noble must take part in military and have a classical education ◦ Standards of conduct ◦ Goal is to serve prince effectively and honestly

16 Peasants and Townspeople Made up 85-90% of the population ◦ Serfdom and manorialism in decline Townspeople 12% population ◦ Artisans and merchants (middle-class) ◦ Patricians were at the top of society, ruling society, politics, and the economics of their city-state ◦ Burghers—shopkeepers, artisans, guild members ◦ The destitute—poor and unemployed ◦ Poverty in the cities was on the rise

17 Family Structures Parents carefully arranged marriages to strengthen family and business ties ◦ Dowry: sum of $ paid by wife’s family to husband Patriarchal society ◦ This means that ____________ are in charge… ◦ Father-husband managed all finances, made decisions regarding children ◦ Children did not become adults until they were legally freed by father in court ◦ Mother supervised the household

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