2 Essential VocabularyRenaissance – “Rebirth” cultural movement that profoundly affected European intellectual life in the early modern period. Beginning in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th Century, its influence affected literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, and religion
3 Humanism – philosophy, method of learning that focuses study on five areas. 1) poetry 2) history 3) grammar 4) moral philosophy 5) rhetoric. The movement to recover, interpret, and assimilate the language, literature, learning, and values of ancient Greece and Rome
4 Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? Ruins of the Roman Empire reminded Italians of Roman gloryCrusades and trade brought them into contact with the Byzantine, Arab, and African civilizationsItalian cities such as Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome, and Venice had grown rich through trade and business
5 Lorenzo Medici (Florence) wealthy banker that used money to support and encourage the arts Italian scholars turned to classical Greek and Roman literature to study grammar, history, poetry, and rhetoric (humanities)Used a critical approach to learning and scholarship
6 Renaissance Thought Admiration for individual achievement Supporting the artsRenaissance ThoughtEducation important, critical approachBelief in human dignityShould lead a meaningful life
7 Renaissance Man many accomplishments knows a lot about many different subjectsRenaissance Manpractical skills and abilitiesscholar
8 The Northern Renaissance Renaissance ideas spread from Italy to the areas of Germany, the Netherlands, France, and EnglandTrade and education continued to be a driving force in the spread of ideas
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