2Why “Rebirth”? The word Renaissance means rebirth. Used to describe the time that followed the Middle AgesThe Renaissance was a time of new thought and advancement.New ways of thinking developed in the areas of art, architecture, science, philosophy, and politics.
3Italian City-StatesDuring the Renaissance, Italy was a collection of city-states, each with its own ruler—the Pope in Rome, the Medici family in Florence, the Doge in Venice, the Sforza family in Milan, the Este family in FerraraAmong the ruling families of these city-states there was conflict and intense rivalry—either by openwarfare or through economic and artisticcompetition.
5The States of Italy during the Renaissance, c.1494
6Medici Family Medici Family: Bankers from Florence Florence: center of the Renaissance movement (because of the Medici family support)
7Patrons:Patron: Someone who provides support to a specific cause and/or person/peopleFor example:The Medici Family funded many Renaissance Artists.The Pope was also a patron of Renaissance art.
8In Renaissance Italy Money Could Buy You a lot of Things Fine ClothingExpensive ThingsGood FoodBut most importantly, it could buy you RESPECTGlorify God That's the way to get a rich rascal like yourself into heavenGlorify your city That's the way to get ahead in politics and powerGlorify yourself and your family That's the way to real immortality
9Can art buy my way into heaven? Why Patrons GaveIn Renaissance Italy, making money and getting rich was considered sinful—the Catholic Church even banned banks from charging interest on loans!That didn't stop anyone from trying to get rich…Those who got rich usually felt an obligation to give something back to society. A work of art became a popular item for rich bankers and merchants to commission on behalf of their family, their city, or their God.Can art buy my way into heaven?
10The Printing Press Invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1455 How did it work?Block letters were held together by a wooden form. Ink was rolled over the raised surfaces and then pressed against a sheet of paper.How were books made before the invention of the printing press?
11“What gunpowder did for war the printing press has done for the mind” Books could be produced quickly and with relatively little effortBookmaking became less expensiveMore people could afford to buy booksPeople began demanding books that were printed in the vernacularLiteracy rates went upPeople start to learn about HumanismVernacular: the native language of a place (Italian, French, German, etc)
12HUMANISMDuring the Middle Ages, scholars had been guided by the teachings of the church, and people had concerned themselves with actions leading to heavenly rewardsSPIRITUALDuring the Renaissance, Western Europeans rediscovered the classics of Ancient Greece and Rome and became more focused on humans, their intellect and life here on earthSECULAR