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9.9.10. 1. Drill – Secular means worldly, materialistic or motivated by money. Do you think we live in a secular or spiritual country? Explain. 2. Why.

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Presentation on theme: "9.9.10. 1. Drill – Secular means worldly, materialistic or motivated by money. Do you think we live in a secular or spiritual country? Explain. 2. Why."— Presentation transcript:

1 9.9.10

2 1. Drill – Secular means worldly, materialistic or motivated by money. Do you think we live in a secular or spiritual country? Explain. 2. Why was the renaissance known as a “rebirth”? 3. Powerpoint - The Renaissance 4. Homework – Finish taking notes on chapter 5, section 1 (165 – 167), and READ

3 I. The Italian Renaissance  1350 – 1600  Renaissance means “rebirth”  Italians felt they witnessed a “rebirth” of ancient Greece and Rome  Characterized by THREE things: 1. Italy was an URBAN society  City-states were the center of Italian political, economic and social life CHURCH POWER DECLINED  City-states = secular (worldly, materialistic and focused on wealth)

4 Italy Satellite image Looks like a boot!

5 2. Age of Recovery  People recovered from political instability and the plague; developed interest in ancient cultures  Church power declined; had time for intellectual and secular pursuits 3. Emphasis on Individual Ability  Higher regard for human worth  Ex. Leonardo da Vinci – painter, sculptor, architect and mathematician

6 The Mona Lisa Leonardo da Vinci, Renaissance Man (and one ugly guy)

7  The Italian States  Italy didn’t have one strong monarch, instead had strong city-states: Milan, Florence, Venice  City-states had profited from trade with the Middle East (a result of the Crusades), and had access to silks, sugar and spices  Milan: Visconti and Sforza rulers built a strong state. Had efficient tax system that brought lots of $ to the state.  Venice: Run by a small group of wealthy merchant- aristocrats – strong trade network.  Florence: Run by the Medici family. Ran the city from behind the scenes.

8 Major city-states in Italy, 1494

9  As city-states got wealthier, church power declined  The Italian Wars  Charles VIII of France was jealous of Italy’s wealth  Sent 30,000 soldiers to Italy in 1494  Italy called Spain for help, and for 30 years, Spain and France fought for domination in Italy  Spain finally won in 1527 when Spanish king, Charles I, gave his troops permission to loot the city of Rome.

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