Presentation on theme: "9.9.10. 1. Drill – Secular means worldly, materialistic or motivated by money. Do you think we live in a secular or spiritual country? Explain. 2. Why."— Presentation transcript:
1. Drill – Secular means worldly, materialistic or motivated by money. Do you think we live in a secular or spiritual country? Explain. 2. Why was the renaissance known as a “rebirth”? 3. Powerpoint - The Renaissance 4. Homework – Finish taking notes on chapter 5, section 1 (165 – 167), and READ
I. The Italian Renaissance 1350 – 1600 Renaissance means “rebirth” Italians felt they witnessed a “rebirth” of ancient Greece and Rome Characterized by THREE things: 1. Italy was an URBAN society City-states were the center of Italian political, economic and social life CHURCH POWER DECLINED City-states = secular (worldly, materialistic and focused on wealth)
Italy Satellite image Looks like a boot!
2. Age of Recovery People recovered from political instability and the plague; developed interest in ancient cultures Church power declined; had time for intellectual and secular pursuits 3. Emphasis on Individual Ability Higher regard for human worth Ex. Leonardo da Vinci – painter, sculptor, architect and mathematician
The Mona Lisa Leonardo da Vinci, Renaissance Man (and one ugly guy)
The Italian States Italy didn’t have one strong monarch, instead had strong city-states: Milan, Florence, Venice City-states had profited from trade with the Middle East (a result of the Crusades), and had access to silks, sugar and spices Milan: Visconti and Sforza rulers built a strong state. Had efficient tax system that brought lots of $ to the state. Venice: Run by a small group of wealthy merchant- aristocrats – strong trade network. Florence: Run by the Medici family. Ran the city from behind the scenes.
Major city-states in Italy, 1494
As city-states got wealthier, church power declined The Italian Wars Charles VIII of France was jealous of Italy’s wealth Sent 30,000 soldiers to Italy in 1494 Italy called Spain for help, and for 30 years, Spain and France fought for domination in Italy Spain finally won in 1527 when Spanish king, Charles I, gave his troops permission to loot the city of Rome.