2 Unit II – The Early Modern World: Renaissance and Reformation Drill – Secular means worldly, materialistic or motivated by money. Do you think we live in a secular or spiritual country? Explain.Why was the renaissance known as a “rebirth”?Powerpoint - The RenaissanceHomework – Finish taking notes on chapter 5, section 1 (165 – 167), and READ
3 The Renaissance The Italian Renaissance 1350 – 1600 Renaissance means “rebirth”Italians felt they witnessed a “rebirth” of ancient Greece and RomeCharacterized by THREE things:Italy was an URBAN societyCity-states were the center of Italian political, economic and social life CHURCH POWER DECLINEDCity-states = secular (worldly, materialistic and focused on wealth)
5 2. Age of RecoveryPeople recovered from political instability and the plague; developed interest in ancient culturesChurch power declined; had time for intellectual and secular pursuits3. Emphasis on Individual AbilityHigher regard for human worthEx. Leonardo da Vinci – painter, sculptor, architect and mathematician
6 Leonardo da Vinci, Renaissance Man (and one ugly guy) The Mona Lisa
7 The Italian StatesItaly didn’t have one strong monarch, instead had strong city-states: Milan, Florence, VeniceCity-states had profited from trade with the Middle East (a result of the Crusades), and had access to silks, sugar and spicesMilan: Visconti and Sforza rulers built a strong state. Had efficient tax system that brought lots of $ to the state.Venice: Run by a small group of wealthy merchant- aristocrats – strong trade network.Florence: Run by the Medici family. Ran the city from behind the scenes.
9 As city-states got wealthier, church power declined The Italian WarsCharles VIII of France was jealous of Italy’s wealthSent 30,000 soldiers to Italy in 1494Italy called Spain for help, and for 30 years, Spain and France fought for domination in ItalySpain finally won in 1527 when Spanish king, Charles I, gave his troops permission to loot the city of Rome.