Presentation on theme: "Who were the Franks? One of the many Germanic tribes who helped bring down Rome. Settled near the Roman province of Gaul. After the fall of Rome,"— Presentation transcript:
Who were the Franks? One of the many Germanic tribes who helped bring down Rome. Settled near the Roman province of Gaul. After the fall of Rome, one of the Frankish leaders named Clovis began to unite many of the barbarian tribes in what is France and Germany today. In 496 CE, he converted to Christianity and forced all his subjects to do so as well.
The Carolingian Family rules the Franks Charles Martel Became ruler in 714 In 732, Muslims tried to invade France. Martel led forces in defense of Tours France against invading Muslims. His victory insured that Christianity would remain the dominant religion in Europe.
Charlemagne AKA – Charles the Great Son of Pepin Became the Frankish King in 768 Doubled the size of the Frankish empire Controlled most of present-day Germany, France, Italy, and Northern Spain.
Charlemange 10 minutes While you watch, try to find out what Charlemagne did that was http://education- portal.com/academy/lesson/feudalism- charlemagne-and-the-holy-roman- empire.html#lesson http://education- portal.com/academy/lesson/feudalism- charlemagne-and-the-holy-roman- empire.html#lesson Gooood… Bad….. And why was he called the Holy Roman Emperor?
Educational Revival Charlemagne strove to educate his people. Started a school in Aachen (his capital city) The school was to teach his officials Charlemagne himself could barely read and didn’t know how to write. He did, however, love to have books read to him. Alcuin, a scholar from England, ran his school. Created a program that focused on: The Bible and Latin Writings Scholars began copying ancient manuscripts Charlemagne’s school helped to provide Europe with a common set of ideas.
Charlemagne and the Church Remember, in 800, Charlemagne went to Rome to defend Pope Leo III The Pope was so pleased that he crowned Charlemagne the new Roman Emperor. Charlemagne wanted to unite much of the Christian people into one European Empire that was called the Holy Roman Empire.
How did Charlemagne govern his large empire? He traveled constantly to keep an eye over his lands. To govern the empire Charlemagne had counts, local officials, to help manage different areas. Counts were to: Solve local problems Stop feuds (fights) Protect the weak Raise armies for the empire Charlemagne also rewarded knights with land for their services. This helped create a culture in which many wanted to become knights.
The Fall of Charlemagne’s Empire Charlemagne died in 814 and his son, Louis the Pious, took control of the empire. Louis the Pious struggled to keep things in control and after his death Charlemagne’s three grandsons took over the empire. The three grandsons fought for control and eventually agreed to divide the kingdom in the Treaty of Verdun.
The Fall of Charlemagne’s Empire Charles the Bald took the Western part of the empire, which is present-day France.
The Fall of Charlemagne’s Empire Louis the German took the eastern part of the empire, which is present-day Germany.
The Fall of Charlemagne’s Empire The final grandson, Lothair, took a strip of land in the middle of the empire.
Start the Homework Only use the end reading if necessary. Fill in the blanks. Answer questions in complete sentences. *** responses mean I will accept any thoughtful response written in a complete sentence because it requires thinking and is not in the reading or notes.