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Chapter 13 The Rise of the Middle Ages

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1 Chapter 13 The Rise of the Middle Ages
Section 1. The Rise of The Franks

2 The Franken Rulers For the hundreds of years following the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Europe was in a state of disorder and change Gradually Europe began to restore order This period was known as the Middle Ages or the medieval period of Europe {A Germanic tribe that plundered Europe and had a lasting impact on the culture, were the Franks}

3 Clovis and the Merovingians
In 481 a ruler named Clovis became king of one of the Frankish tribes and conquered and absorbed other Frankish tribes Clovis and his successors were called Merovingians {Because Clovis and his Merovingians were Christians they had the support of the church} After Clovis died his successors were generally weak. Until eventually the chief of the royal kingdom aka “mayor of the palace” became the real ruler. Even though the title king still existed, they did not have much pull in the kingdom. One of these mayors was Pepin II who ruled from A.D.687 to 714. Pepin and his successors united the Frankish kingdoms

4 Charles Martel and Pepin the Short
Pepin II died and his son Charles Martel aka Charles the Hammer became mayor Martel’s cavalry defeated the Spanish Moors when they tried to invade France When Martel died in 741, his son Pepin III called “the short” became joint ruler with his brother Carloman Pepin overthrew the actual king, Childric III, and established the Carolingians, a new line of Frankish rulers. Having the Pope’s blessing, Pepin had no problems establishing the new Carolingian dynasty This paved the way for the rise of Pepin’s son, Charlemagne, the greatest of all Frankish kings

5 Coronation of Pepin the Short

6 Charlemagne’s Empire Charlemagne held the Frankish throne between A.D. 768 to A.D. 814 Charlemagne defeated the Lombards in Italy, the Saxons in Germany, the Avars in central Europe. He tried to conquer all of Muslim of Spain but was only able to push them back across the Pyrenees On Christmas Day of the year 800 {Charlemagne was in Rome to pray at St. Peter’s Basilica when Pope Leo III declared him “Emperor of the Romans”} Although the Roman Empire was long gone this gesture indicated Charlemagne’s importance to Europe

7 Charlemagne

8 Government under Charlemagne
Charlemagne’s empire was divided into separate regions. Each region was governed on behalf of the emperor by counts {He established his capital at the Frankish city of Aix-la-Chapelle} (today the German city of Aachen) Charlemagne put into effect a policy of checks and balances with officials called missi dominici they traveled through the empire listening to complaints, making sure the laws were effective and ensuring the counts were ruling in the empire’s best interest rather than their own


10 Education and Learning
Charlemagne placed a great emphasis on education Scholars- usually monks- were brought in from all over Europe to teach at the schools {Schools established by Charlemagne were based on Roman schools} emphasizing grammar, rhetoric, logic, math, music and astronomy He also brought together scholars to make a readable version of the Bible, which was called Caroline Minuscule

11 A page from the Caroline Minuscule

12 The Decline of the Frankish Empire
After Charlemagne’s death in 814 the empire started to decline {Charlemagne’s grandsons Lothair, Charles the Bald, Louis the German agreed to divide the empire amongst themselves. This agreement signed in 843 became known as the Treaty of Verdun} {the Treaty of Verdun contributed to the fall of Charlemagne’s empire} because the grandsons fought amongst themselves rather than uniting. The fall of the empire came with invasions by the Muslims from Africa, the Slavs from the east, the Magyars (nomads also from the east) and the most feared of the invaders the Vikings

13 The division of Charlemagne’s Empire

14 The Vikings The Vikings were Germanic people from the present day countries of Norway, Sweden and. The Vikings customs and myths were centered on pagan gods Their government, although ruled by kings and nobles, was quite democratic Vikings would sail down rivers and raid and loot cities and take the survivors back to Scandinavia to be used as slaves


16 Viking ship

17 Review Why did Clovis and his Merovingians have the support of the church? On Christmas Day of the year 800 what did Pope Leo III declare Charlemagne? What were the schools that Charlemagne established based on? What was the agreement where Lothair, Charles the Bald, Louis the German agreed to divide the empire amongst themselves called?

18 Ewa Laurance the Striking Viking

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