2 Critical ThinkingAn analysis is a way for us to critically evaluate the meaning of a piece of writing.This helps us evaluate if it will be useful to us.Practical application:You are writing a research paper for your Introduction to Sociology class at university. For this paper you will need to gather evidence from written sources to support your thesis. You find a newspaper article, magazine essay and a Journal article that all say the same thing. But which is most credible?!
3 Essay Types There are 4 main types of essays (EDNA): Exposition DescriptionNarrationArgumentation
4 ExpositoryWriter investigates an idea, evaluates evidence, expands on the idea, and develops a concise argumentCompare/Contrast, Cause/EffectMost common academic essay style
5 DescriptiveThe writer is describing something – object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc.The writer is creating a detailed, true account of an actual event – there is a lot of artistic licence given
6 Narrative The retelling of a true story Often anecdotal, experiential and personalBecause it is the retelling of a story, it must include all of the parts of a story: Intro, Plot, Characters, Setting, Climax & ConclusionThese essays should always have a point! What is the author trying to convey to the reader?
7 ArgumentativeAn investigation of a topic through the collection and evaluation of evidenceA clear position on the topic is always defined in the thesisUses many facts obtained through extensive research to convince the readerSimilar to expository, but much more lengthy
8 Troublemakers Read: Troublemakers by Malcolm Gladwell Answer Questions #1-6What type of essay is this?What clues helped you decide?
9 Subject, Purpose & Audience Subject: What is the essay about?Purpose: Why has the author written this piece?Audience: Who are the intended readers?
10 Unity & Coherence Unity Coherence One Tone (serious, humorous, etc.) One Purpose (to persuade, to entertain)One Theme or Thesis (moral or argument)One Point of View (first or third person)CoherencePurposeful word and development choices made by the author to tie all parts of the piece togetherRepetition (of words, ideas or images)Transition words (smoothness)Method of Delivery (EDNA)
11 Re-Read: Troublemakers What are the subject, purpose and audience of the essay? Refer to specific examples.Is the essay coherent?Is the essay unified?