2NONFICTIONNonfiction is writing about real people, places, and events.Mainly written to convey factual information.Information may be shaped by the author’s own purpose and attitudes.
3Two Categories of Nonfiction Informative- factual information to informexamples: magazines, pamphlets, encyclopedias, textbooksLiterary- actual places and true events
4AutobiographyA true story about a person’s life told by that person (usually a book)
5BiographyA true story of a person’s life as told by someone else, a biographer writes it
6EssayA short piece of nonfiction writing that deals with one subject
7Types of EssayPersuasivePersonalNarrativeExpositoryDescriptive
8Persuasive EssayWriter tries to convince a reader to share a belief, agree with an opinion, or to take some action.1. Facts are selected and arranged in a way to get readers to share a writer’s opinion.2. Examples: newspaper editorial, political speech
9Expository EssayWriter’s primary purpose is to convey or explain information.1. Facts are used as neutrally as possible2. Examples: report on a scientific discovery, instructions
10Personal EssayExpresses a writer’s thoughts, feelings, or opinions on a subject; usually written in an informal, conversational style.
11Descriptive EssayWriter tries to recreate a person, place, or event mostly through language that appeals to the senses.* Examples: traveler’s journal, autobiographical essay of a hometown
12Narrative EssayWriter’s purpose is to relate a series of events, usually in chronological order.Has the form of a story (often with characters and dialogue)Examples: historical essay, account of a soccer game
13Thesis Theme of an essay. 1. In narrative nonfiction (like biographies), theme is a perception about life2. In no narrative fiction (like essays), theme is the main idea or opinion the writer wants the reader to understand
14Objective versus Subjective Writing 1. Objective: facts, which can be proved to be true by the senses, the calendar, or the clock* Examples: the geographic location of a city, the time of day2. Subjective: details that may be true, but are verifiable only by reference to your own state of minda. Examples: feelings about an event, description of a personb. Word connotation (associations that affect meaning
15Strategies for Nonfiction Reading 1. Preview2. Figure out the organization3. Separate FACT and OPINION4. Question????5. Predict6. Build7. Evaluate
161. PreviewSkim selection to get an idea of what it’s about by looking at title, pictures diagrams, subtitles, and terms you see in boldface
172. Figure out the Organization Chronological order or how the work is arranged
183. Separate Fact and Opinion FACTS- statements that can be provenOPINION- statements that cannot be proven
194. QuestionWhy did things happen the way they did? Do you share the writer’s opinion?
205. PredictWhat will happen next? What will the author say about an issue?
216. BuildAdd new information to what you already know, and see if your ideas or opinions change.
227. EvaluateForm opinions about people, events, and ideas. Decide whether or not you like the way a piece is written.