Presentation on theme: "Elements of Non-Fiction By Mr. Cotton. NONFICTION Nonfiction is writing about real people, places, and events. Mainly written to convey factual information."— Presentation transcript:
Elements of Non-Fiction By Mr. Cotton
NONFICTION Nonfiction is writing about real people, places, and events. Mainly written to convey factual information. Information may be shaped by the authors own purpose and attitudes.
Two Categories of Nonfiction Informative- factual information to inform examples: magazines, pamphlets, encyclopedias, textbooks Literary- actual places and true events
Autobiography A true story about a persons life told by that person (usually a book)
Biography A true story of a persons life as told by someone else, a biographer writes it
Essay A short piece of nonfiction writing that deals with one subject
Types of Essay Persuasive Personal Narrative Expository Descriptive
Persuasive Essay Writer tries to convince a reader to share a belief, agree with an opinion, or to take some action. 1. Facts are selected and arranged in a way to get readers to share a writers opinion. 2. Examples: newspaper editorial, political speech
Expository Essay Writers primary purpose is to convey or explain information. 1. Facts are used as neutrally as possible 2. Examples: report on a scientific discovery, instructions
Personal Essay Expresses a writers thoughts, feelings, or opinions on a subject; usually written in an informal, conversational style.
Descriptive Essay Writer tries to recreate a person, place, or event mostly through language that appeals to the senses. * Examples: travelers journal, autobiographical essay of a hometown
Narrative Essay Writers purpose is to relate a series of events, usually in chronological order. Has the form of a story (often with characters and dialogue) Examples: historical essay, account of a soccer game
Thesis Theme of an essay. 1. In narrative nonfiction (like biographies), theme is a perception about life 2. In no narrative fiction (like essays), theme is the main idea or opinion the writer wants the reader to understand
Objective versus Subjective Writing 1. Objective: facts, which can be proved to be true by the senses, the calendar, or the clock * Examples: the geographic location of a city, the time of day 2. Subjective: details that may be true, but are verifiable only by reference to your own state of mind a. Examples: feelings about an event, description of a person b. Word connotation (associations that affect meaning
Strategies for Nonfiction Reading 1. Preview 2. Figure out the organization 3. Separate FACT and OPINION 4. Question???? 5. Predict 6. Build 7. Evaluate
1. Preview Skim selection to get an idea of what its about by looking at title, pictures diagrams, subtitles, and terms you see in boldface
2. Figure out the Organization Chronological order or how the work is arranged
3. Separate Fact and Opinion FACTS- statements that can be proven OPINION- statements that cannot be proven
4. Question Why did things happen the way they did? Do you share the writers opinion?
5. Predict What will happen next? What will the author say about an issue?
6. Build Add new information to what you already know, and see if your ideas or opinions change.
7. Evaluate Form opinions about people, events, and ideas. Decide whether or not you like the way a piece is written.