1Speaker Occasion Audience Purpose Subject Tone SOAPSToneSpeakerOccasionAudiencePurposeSubjectTone
2SOAPSTone Speaker The voice that tells the story. Before authors begin to write, they must decide whose voice is going to be heard.It could be the author or it could be a character.
3SOAPSToneOccasionThe time and the place of the piece; the event or situation that made the author want to write or triggered the writing.
4SOAPSToneAudienceThe group of readers to whom this piece is directed.This does not always mean the people who are reading it right now.
5SOAPSTone Purpose The reason the author wrote this. The central claim or main idea.NOT THE GENERAL TOPIC.What does the author want us to take away?
6SOAPSTone Subject The central topic of the writing. What idea or ideas is this writing about?SOAPSTone
7SOAPSTone Tone The attitude of the author towards to subject or topic. This is how we know whether or not the author is serious, trying to be funny, sarcastic, etc.Developed through word choice, sentence structure, and figurative language.
8The speaker of the essay is…. SOAPSToneThe speaker of the essay is….
9The occasion of the writing is… SOAPSToneThe occasion of the writing is…