Presentation on theme: "CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN MEXICOS EXPERIENCE WITH STATISTICS ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND THE SICREMI Ernesto Rodríguez."— Presentation transcript:
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN MEXICOS EXPERIENCE WITH STATISTICS ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND THE SICREMI Ernesto Rodríguez Chávez Centro de Estudios Migratorios, INM CEAM Meeting, Washington, DC January 26, 2010
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN 170,000 events 400,000 Temporary Mex. workers Mexican emigration to the US emigration to the US CA held by INM and US, plus those who managed to enter the US 16,000 TRANSIT DESTINATION ORIGIN Source: Estimates from the Center for Migration Studies, INM, based on figures from INM, U.S. Border Patrol and National Survey of Occupation and Employment, ,000 – 60,000 Guatemalan border workers CONTEXT: MEXICO ORIGIN, TRANSIT AND DESTINATION OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION 21 millon registered tourists and visitors and visitors 660–560,000 incidents of Repatriation of Mexicans 220,000Permanent migrants to US Immigrants 2008
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN Population censuses 1990 and On microdata- Record of population born abroad and flows for last 5 years, not including nationality.. (Difficulties in measuring immigration based on those born abroad given the dual Mexico-US nationality ) Household surveys with microdata ENADID – National survey of the demographic dynamics [1992, 1997, (2006) ] stock and flow over last 5 years ENOE – (National survey of occupations and employment) quarterly [2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 ] stock and flow SOURCES OF STATISTICS WITH INFORMATION ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN MEXICO
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN EMIF – Survey of international migration on Northern border EMIF NORTH (annual since 1999) Southern border EMIF SUR (annual since 2004) - Measures and describes labor flows through those borders Administrative records produced from migration management (INM) Were not created for statistical purposes, do not necessarily reflect the migration processes in the country. SOURCES OF STATISTICS WITH INFORMATION ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN MEXICO
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN BASIC PROBLEMS: 1.In terms of international migration, the surveys are more geared towards gathering statistical information on totals, origin, and nature of Mexican emigration, and on remittances and how they are used. 2.Lack of systematized and disaggregated statistics on immigrants. 3.Absence of databases of individual records in most of immigration processes.
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN BASIC PROBLEMS: 4.Lack of differentiated information in National Censuses and Surveys on people born abroad but holding Mexican nationality. 5.Complexity of current migration laws and poor management practices that adversely affect the accuracy and quality of statistics. 6.Non-homologation of statistics with concepts and series most often used by international organizations. 7.Lack of information to handle a great deal of requests from international organizations for immigration statistics: OECD and ILO.
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN Moving from data collection to generating statistics from databases with individual electronic records 1.- Reformulating concepts used in migration statistics. - Clear, explicit, and in accordance with national and international requirements. 2. Redesigning the data collection processes and systems to get computerized individual records. 3.- Creating the organizational structure and the necessary physical, technological, and human infrastructure. 4.- Transform the dissemination of migration statistics Work strategy Transformation of record types and forms and reconstruction of statistics from previous years where possible
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN Section:Breakdown of information I. Record of entries of Foreigners and Mexicans Federal entity, port of entry, quality and nature of migration Entry by air by continent and country of nationality II. Documentation and legal stay in Mexico Federal entity Continent and country of nationality (FM3, FM2, immigrant, refugees) Continent, country of nationality, gender, nature of migration and age groups (regularization program) Migratory form for local visitor Migratory form for border worker III. Foreigners accommodated (kept) and returned Federal entity (kept and returned) Continent and country of nationality (kept and returned) Age group and status of travel companion (returned) Federal entity and type of resolution (returned) Continent, country of nationality and type of resolution (returned) IV. Protection Groups for migrants Protection measures for migrants by Beta Group Measures by regional delegation and Beta Group V. Repatriation of Mexicans from the USA Federal entity and point of repatriation Age and Gender Groups Status of travel companion (minors) PRODUCTO: BOLETÍN MENSUAL DE ESTADÍSTICAS MIGRATORIAS INM, 2009
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN II. Documentación y legal estancia en México 15,416 84,858 Migratory Forms Issued for Local Visitor (FMVL) for Guatemala and Belize Immigrant FM2 issued 2' 1,4781,7551,804 1,4845,74116,509 17,017 Migratory Forms Issues for Border Worker (FMTF) for Guatemala 3,978 1,502 2, Refugees ,015 Regularization Program 3' FM2 Issued = New formal immigrants
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN FM2 (immigrant) visas issued by the INM,, by continent and country of nationality, 2009 Continent / Country of Nationality JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustTotal 1,478 1,421 2,162 1,949 1,755 2,274 2,573 1,804 15,416 Americas 1, ,486 1,387 1,235 1,668 1,908 1,320 11,033 North America ,291 Canada United States ,902 Central America ,217 Belize Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala ,262
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN 1.Consolidate a technical group for timely follow up on statistics on international migration generated by the member countries of the OAS, to guide national correspondents. 2.Create accurate methodological and conceptual frames of reference for preparing statistics in accordance with the dynamics of the international movement of people in the region, particularly on international migration. 3.Promote the use and development of administrative records on international migration, through consultation mechanisms that exist in the region on the subject matter. Recommendations to advance the SICREMI project
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE MIGRACIÓN 4.Promote the development of electronic systems for administrative records of individuals, so databases can be created with detailed, reliable information on the international movement of people in the region. 5.Encourage complementarity among neighboring countries in information from migration records, especially on entry-exit flows. 6.Increase training and exchanges of experience in order to expand, improve and standardize the generation and dissemination of statistics on international migration in a timely and reliable manner. Recommendations to advance the SICREMI project