Presentation on theme: "1 Caucasus Research Resource Centers (CRRC)-Armenia Migration and Remittances: Data from CRRC DI Surveys Yerevan April 29, 2008"— Presentation transcript:
1 Caucasus Research Resource Centers (CRRC)-Armenia Migration and Remittances: Data from CRRC DI Surveys Yerevan April 29, Heghine Manasyan Arsen Aslanyan
2 DI Introduction Focused on Demography, Education, Employment, Migration, Health, Social Institutions, Social Capital, Politics, Crime, and Economic Condition; Multistage cluster sampling with three disaggregated populations: capital city, other cities, and rural; Annual surveys starting from year 2004; DI 2007 survey: 8,053 households (and approximately the same number of individuals) were surveyed in the South Caucasus countries: 2,514 in Armenia 2,148 in Azerbaijan 3,391 in Georgia
3 The survey instrument – questionnaire was developed by the teams of researchers from three SC countries, and it has been revised year after year. As the survey gathers information about household characteristics (household size, socio-demographics of household members, economic status/conditions, as well information on current/past migrant members) and individuals sampled within those households (their employment, education, health, political views, social capital, etc.), in 2007 the questionnaire had significant changes with the introduction of new questions and elimination of some ineffective questions, and it was split into two parts - individual and household questionnaires to be easy to administer them. The average time for completing either household or individual interview was about 30 minutes. Survey Instrument
4 Main changes made in the Migration block of the Questions in The term Migration also referred to internal migration during DI 2007 survey; The period of migration was changed from during past 3 years to since 1991; The questions on migration reasons, employment status and employment spheres during migration were removed in 2007; The questions on remittances and their importance were added in 2007.
5 The DI Survey Samples
6 Data from DI 2006 survey
7 Migration 2006: Reasons for leaving the home country (% of total migrants aged 16 and higher)
8 Migration 2006: Occupation of migrants before and during migration (% of total migrants aged 16 and higher)
9 Data from DI 2007 survey
10 Return Migrants: Household members who have been abroad for more than 3 months during and returned home
11 Share of households who have had former (return) migrants (those who have left their household residence since 1991 to live elsewhere for a period longer than three months and returned home) (% of HHs, year 2007)
12 Return Migration: % of household members who have been abroad for more than 3 months during and returned home
13 Migration: Destination countries for those who have been abroad for more than 3 months during and returned home
14 Share of former/return migrants who financially supported their HHs
15 How long did the former migrants stay abroad? (% of total)
16 Current Migrants: Household members who have left their households (either permanently or temporarily) for more than 3 months since 1991 but have not returned home.
17 Share of HHs having at least one member abroad as of October 2007
18 N of Current Migrants per 100 HHs (October 2007)
19 Year of last Emigration for Armenian Migrants (% of all current migrants)
20 Destination Countries for Armenian Migrants (% of all migrants)
21 How the Migrants Support their HHs Back Home? (% of all)
22 How important are contributions received from the household members currently living abroad to your households well-being?
23 Importance of Remitances received from Current Migrants for Armenian HHs (%)
24 How often do Armenian Migrants Support their HHs Back Home? (% of all)
25 How do the migrants send money back home? (%)
26 How did the HHs spend money received from their migrant members? (%)
27 Does HH share remittances received from their migrant HH members? (%)
28 What share of those remittances did Armenian HHs share with other HHs? (%)
29 Visit - > Data Initiative Project to find:www.crrccenters.org Survey datasets (in SPSS format) Questionnaires and show cards (in 4 languages) Survey methodology document SPSS online crash course Want to learn more?
31 Other Migration/Remittances Surveys By CRRC-Armenia: Profile of potential labor migrants, needs assessment pilot survey conducted in February 2007 for IOM in Yerevan, Shirak, Lori and Syunik Marzes (300 HHs); By EDRC: Remittances of International Migrants and Poverty in Armenia, countrywide survey conducted in 3000 HHs for ADB at the beginning of 2007; By ICHD: Remittances of International Migrants and the Financial Sector in Armenia, a survey of 300 remittance recipients in Yerevan, Gyumri and Vandazor; By APC LLC: a survey conducted for the CBA in 2005 in 2000 remittance receiving HHs in Armenia and 2000 remittance sending HHs in Moscow to estimate Money transfers during ; By NSS: Integrated Living Conditions Surveys (starting from 2004) and 2005 Survey on estimating cash remittances received by Armenian households from foreign countries; Etc, etc