Presentation on theme: "Linking Trade Data to Business Statistics Exporter Register: 1993 to 2004 Importer Register: 2002 Results International Trade Division Statistics Canada."— Presentation transcript:
Linking Trade Data to Business Statistics Exporter Register: 1993 to 2004 Importer Register: 2002 Results International Trade Division Statistics Canada
Exporter/Importer Register Concepts l A longitudinal database containing all active exporters (1993 to 2004) and importers (2002) l Customs documents are linked to Statistics Canada Business Register files to identify the statistical entity (and its characteristics) associated with a given transaction. l Provides counts of exporters and importers at the enterprise and establishment level by: –Industry of establishment and commodity traded –Destination of export (country and state level) –Province of residence –Exporter Size (value of exports/imports) –Employment size
Exporter/Importer Register Data Sources l Exporter data is derived at the transaction level from: l Canada Border Services Agency: –10% of export documents –15% of total export value l United States Bureau of the Census (from U.S. Customs Border Protection): –90% of export documents –85% of total export value l Importer data is derived at the transaction level from Canada Border Services Agency
Exporter/Importer Register Process l Exporter Register: –Exports to United States: exporter identifiers are taken from U.S. import documents. –One exporter can be identified differently by U.S. importers. –Virtually impossible to automate linking process –Exporter names and addresses are matched to Business Register l Importer Register –Canadian Business number is linked to Business Register enterprise. Once the enterprise is identified, –the importer name and address are matched to Business Register establishment file to identify the statistical establishment.
Exporter/Importer Register Statistical Units l Both the Exporter and Importer Registers use the statistical establishment as the main unit of measure. –Provincial analysis: high demand for regional data in Canada –Industry analysis: within multi-industry enterprises –Links to other surveys and statistical programs at Statistics Canada to identify significant differences between the characteristics of those entities that are engaged in international trade with those that are not. l Survey of advanced technology adoption l Annual survey of manufacturing l Globalization project-FDI, FATS
Exporter Register: Results l Some results from the Exporter Register –44,969 exporters in 2004 vs. 31,012 in 1993 –Number of exporters has been falling since –Value of exports $378.5 billion in 2004, highest value recorded on the Register and more than double the value in –One-half of exporters in 2004 also exported every year between 1998 and 2003 (84% of value in 2004) –Over 77,000 individual establishments exported at some point between 1993 and 2004
Exporter/Importer Register: Results l Exporters (2004): –44,969 establishments –85% ship to United States –50% in manufacturing (66% of total exports) –22% in wholesale (11% of total exports) –Top 5% account for 86% of total exports l Importers (2002) –138,182 establishments –82% ship from United States –20% in manufacturing (28% of total imports) –25% in wholesale (52% of total imports) –Top 5% account for (91% of total imports)
Importer Register: 2002 Results Exporters that Import (Traders) l A total of 24,902 establishments both exported and imported merchandise in 2002 –55% of exporters, 18% of importers l Total exports: $131 billion l Total imports: $156 billion l 41% of these establishments reported a higher value of imports than exports in 2002 l Exchange rate fluctuations do not uniformly affect all exporters, some may actually benefit from currency appreciation (high import content of exports).
Exporter/Importer Register: Links to other data sources l Previously linked: –Survey of advanced technology adoption –Country of ownership/Country of ultimate control l Upcoming linking projects: –Tax database: General Index of Financial Indicators (GIFI) total revenue, shipments, value added –Manufacturing surveys (production, import content)
Exporter/Importer Register Next Steps l Improve timeliness/quality of the data –Sub-annual estimates –Sub-provincial estimates l Analysis –Related-party trade –Input-Output analysis (SNA) –Exchange rate pass through –Exchange rate effects