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© 2006 Population Reference Bureau HIV/AIDS Weakens the Immune System Opportunistic infections: Pneumonia Meningitis Some cancers Tuberculosis (TB) Other parasitic, viral and fungal infections that weaken the immune system
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Global Estimates – HIV/AIDS People now living with HIV New HIV infections in 2005 Deaths due to AIDS by the end of million 4.9 million 25 million
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau People With HIV/AIDS, Cumulative Regional Totals Millions Growth of the AIDS Epidemic *Western and Central Europe & North America. Source: UNAIDS/WHO, 2005.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Map of HIV Prevalence Worldwide 2005 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, Adults Ages with HIV 15.01% % 5.01% % 1.01% - 5.0% 0.51% - 1.0% 0.0% - 0.5% Not available
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau People Now Living with HIV Total: 40 million Western & Central Europe 720,000 North Africa & Middle East 440,000 Sub-Saharan Africa 24.5 million Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1.5 million South & South-East Asia 7.6 million Oceania 78,000 North America 1.3 million Caribbean 330,000 Latin America 1.6 million East Asia Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau HIV Demographics, Worldwide Composition of the Population Living with HIV, 2005 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau HIV Demographics, Africa Composition of the Population Living with HIV, 2005 Sub-Saharan Africa Rest of the World Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Adults with HIV Who are Women Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, Percent
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Projections for Selected Countries Life expectancy at birth, in years Effect of AIDS on Life Expectancy Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision, 2005.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Deaths of children under age 5 per 1,000 live births Source: UNAIDS and UNICEF, A Call to Action: Children, The Missing Face of AIDS, 2005; and United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision, Effect of AIDS on Child Mortality
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Population Structure in 2020 Millions Males Females With AIDS Without AIDS Age AIDS Toll on Population Structure, South Africa Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (CD-ROM EditionExtended Dataset), 2005.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Slower Population Growth Populations continue to grow in many heavily affected countries, although the growth is less than it would be in the absence of AIDS.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Millions South Africas Population With and Without AIDS Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (CD-ROM EditionExtended Dataset), 2005.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau HIV – Only Health Problem or a Development Issue? Public Health Burden Overwhelms health systems in many countries Labor, Business, and Agriculture Losses in skilled labor Decreases productivity; having an economic impact Threatens agricultural production and food security Governance and Public Service Country losses of political leaders and civil servants Revenues decline and costs rise Demand for social services increases
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Poverty and HIV/AIDS Inadequate access to accurate information or prevention services Seeing no alternative besides sex work, for some women Labor migration – leads to increased vulnerability and spread of HIV Once infected, inadequate access to health care and treatment Vicious cycle of poverty, such as children orphaned because of AIDS
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Poverty and HIV/AIDS The Hunger Project, A Vicious Cycle – Poverty exacerbates HIV/AIDS, and HIV/AIDS exacerbates poverty, October United Nations (Population Division), Population, Development and HIV/AIDS with Particular Emphasis on Poverty, PopdevHIVAIDS.pdf ILO and UNAIDS, Women, girls, HIV/AIDS and the world of work, December men-iloaids-brief.pdf
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau About 11,000 New HIV Infections a Day in 2005 More than 95% are in low and middle income countries About 1,500 are in children under age 15 About 10,000 are adults age 15 and older, of whom: almost 50% are women about 40% are ages 15–24 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Children Estimated to be Living with HIV Total: 2.3 million Children are defined as under age 15 Western & Central Europe 4,000 North Africa & Middle East 31,000 Sub-Saharan Africa 2.0 million Eastern Europe & Central Asia 6,900 South & South-East Asia 170,000 Oceania 3,000 North America 11,000 Caribbean 22,000 Latin America 32,000 East Asia 6,400 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Global HIV and AIDS Estimates for Children Children living with HIV New HIV infections in 2005 Deaths due to AIDS in million 540, ,000 Children are defined as under age 15 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau In Summary HIV / AIDS - global epidemic Obvious impacts on demographic trends, especially population projections Visual patterns of mortality and health
HIV/AIDS and Contemporary Population Dynamics A lesson plan from Making Population Real by the Population Reference Bureau Supported by the World Population.
UNAIDS – Children and HIV in Jamaica and the Caribbean region Caribbean Child Development Centre Workshop on Children and HIV/AIDS Tuesday, 14 February.
© 2007 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Malnutrition Is Still a Major Contributor to Child Deaths Presentation by Carl Haub, Richard Skolnik, and Linda Jacobsen.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Sources: Carl Haub, 2006 World Population Data Sheet. The Worlds 15 Oldest Countries and the U.S. Percent Age 65 or.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau A.D A.D A.D B.C B.C B.C B.C B.C B.C B.C. 1+ million years 8.
© 2003 Population Reference Bureau World Trends Analysis Using Graphs and Charts Number your paper from 1-20 For each Graph / Chart write down 2 conclusions,
No Goals at Half-time: What Next for the Millennium Development Goals? Goal 6: Combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases John Porter.
HIV and AIDS Among Latinos: Implications for Prevention and Care Presentation By: Miguelina Maldonado Director of Government Relations & Public Policy.
From Making the Case to Generating a Response The Answer lies Within Monica Sharma, Director HIV/AIDS Group - UNDP.
How Can We Balance The Human Population With Our Natural Resources?
Inequality Inconsistent with UN Charter vision Worsened by aspects of globalization Confounds poverty reduction efforts Not only in developing countries.
© 2005 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Improving the Health of the Worlds Poorest People.
2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Report on the global AIDS epidemic A global view of HIV infection 33 million people [30–36 million] living.
October 3, 2008 Responding to HIV and AIDS. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome What is HIV.
The sanitation challenge. The scale of the challenge 2.6 billion people – four in ten people in the world – do not have access to a toilet. Every day,
Abortion Worldwide: A Decade of Uneven Progress Guttmacher Institute © October 2009.
AIDS at 25: A Global Perspective. The early yearsa historical perspective The early yearsa historical perspective AIDS in the developing world AIDS in.
Figure 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Selected events in the global response to the epidemicUniversalAccessTargets MillenniumDevelopmentGoals.
Stakeholders meeting for priority medicines for Europe and the world Role of Public Private Partnerships 4 October 2004 Brussels Dr. Frans Van den Boom,
Measurement and Health Information The Greying of the World: Ageing Matters Commission on Population and Development New York, 10 th April 2007 Somnath.
© 2003 Population Reference Bureau Literacy Rates, by Sex, 2000 Percent Adult Literacy, by Region Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (www.uis.unesco.org).
1 December 2006 e Total39.5 million [34.1 – 47.1 million] Adults37.2 million [32.1 – 44.5 million] Women17.7 million [15.1 – 20.9 million] Children under.
GLOBAL IMPACT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES Teresa Smith de Cherif, MD, MIA Fellow, Division of Infectious Diseases.
Estimated adult (15–49 years) HIV prevalence rate (%) globally and in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1990–2007 Year Adult HIV prevalence rate (%)
The beginning of the end? The HIV/AIDS pandemic in the 21 st Century Professor Hazel Barrett BA (Hons), MA, PhD, C Geog. Associate Dean for Applied Research,
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 2 Lecture Population and Health The Cultural Landscape Eleventh Edition Matthew Cartlidge University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
© 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU International Migration Is Reshaping United States, Global Economy PRBs 2006 World Population Data Sheet reveals that.
Communicable Diseases and Human Security Kelechi Ohiri MD MPH MS Health, Nutrition, Population Human Development Network World Bank.
2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence trends among pregnant women in major cities in Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand, 1990–2004.
1 December 2007 e Total33.2 million [30.6 – 36.1 million] Adults30.8 million [28.2 – 33.6 million] Women15.4 million [13.9 – 16.6 million] Children under.
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