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© 2006 Population Reference Bureau DEMOGRAPHY Demography = the statistical study of population *these stats are used for forming public policy and marketing purposes i.e. smoking ads for teens _________________________________ Using your demography information (homework), identify: How could be used to help humanity? OR How was it used to help humanity?
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Demographic study A global analysis of HIV / AIDS
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Global Estimates – HIV/AIDS People living with HIV in 2005 NOW: New HIV infections in 2005 In 2012: Deaths due to AIDS by the end of 2005 In 2012: 40 million 35 million 3.4 million 2.3 million 1.6 million
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau People With HIV/AIDS, Cumulative Regional Totals Millions Growth of the AIDS Epidemic *Western and Central Europe & North America. Source: UNAIDS/WHO, 2005.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Map of HIV Prevalence Worldwide 2005 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006. Adults Ages 15-49 with HIV 15.01% - 34.0% 5.01% - 15.0% 1.01% - 5.0% 0.51% - 1.0% 0.0% - 0.5% Not available
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau People Now Living with HIV Total: 40 million Western & Central Europe 720,000 North Africa & Middle East 440,000 Sub-Saharan Africa 24.5 million Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1.5 million South & South-East Asia 7.6 million Oceania 78,000 North America 1.3 million Caribbean 330,000 Latin America 1.6 million East Asia 750 000 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau HIV Demographics, Worldwide Composition of the Population Living with HIV, 2005 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau HIV Demographics, Africa Composition of the Population Living with HIV, 2005 Sub-Saharan Africa Rest of the World Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2002-2005 Deaths of children under age 5 per 1,000 live births Source: UNAIDS and UNICEF, A Call to Action: Children, The Missing Face of AIDS, 2005; and United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision, 2005. Effect of AIDS on Child Mortality
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Slower Population Growth Populations continue to grow in many heavily affected countries, although the growth is less than it would be without AIDS.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Millions South Africa’s Population With and Without AIDS Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (CD-ROM Edition—Extended Dataset), 2005.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau HIV – Only Health Problem or a Development Issue? Public Health Burden Overwhelms health systems in many countries Labor, Business, and Agriculture Losses in skilled labor Decreases productivity; having an economic impact Threatens agricultural production and food security Governance and Public Service Country losses of political leaders and civil servants Revenues decline and costs rise Demand for social services increases
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau About 11,000 New HIV Infections a Day in 2005 More than 95% are in low and middle income countries About 1,500 are in children under age 15 About 10,000 are adults age 15 and older, of whom: almost 50% are women about 40% are ages 15–24 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Global HIV and AIDS Estimates for Children Children living with HIV New HIV infections in 2005 Deaths due to AIDS in 2005 2.3 million 540,000 380,000 Children are defined as under age 15 Source: UNAIDS, 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.
© 2006 Population Reference Bureau In Summary HIV / AIDS - global epidemic Obvious impacts on demographic trends, especially population projections Visual patterns of mortality and health
HIV/AIDS Weakens the Immune System
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Blood and Airborne Pathogens HIV/AIDS/STDs/HepatitisTB/SARS/Influenza.
00003-E-1 – December 2004 Global summary of the HIV and AIDS epidemic, December 2004 The ranges around the estimates in this table define the boundaries.
The HIV/AIDS Epidemic © 2000 John B. Pryor Illinois State University.
00002-E-1 – 1 December 2003 Global summary of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, December 2003 The ranges around the estimates in this table define the boundaries.
UNAIDS World AIDS Day Report | 2011 Core Epidemiology Slides.
HIV Therapy for the Developing World: A Global Health Challenge Harold W. Jaffe, MD Department of Public Health University of Oxford Oxford, UK.
HIV and AIDS from UNAIDS / WHO UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
1 July 2008 e Global summary of the AIDS epidemic, December 2007 Total33 million [30 – 36 million] Adults30.8 million [28.2 – 34.0 million] Women15.5 million.
AIDS impact Wim Van Damme Department of Public Health ITM, November 2006.
Map of HIV Prevalence Worldwide
OVERVIEW OF THE HIV/AIDS EPIDEMIC Marie Laga
Life Impact | The University of Adelaide University of Papua New Guinea Economic Development Lecture 11: Health.
00002-E-1 – 1 December 2000 HIV / AIDS IN KENYA IMPACT OF THE EPIDEMIC DR. MOHAMED S. ABDULLAH CHAIRMAN NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL COUNCIL.
00002-E-1 – 1 December 2002 The AIDS Pandemic: an Update on the Numbers and Needs l What are the numbers for 2002? l What are the global and regional trends?
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The mysterious emergence of HIV/AIDS Malthus’s ghost: is this a XXth century ‘positive’ check? Where does it come from? Runs counter to the idea that health.
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