MDG Monitor for Goal 6 (Information from the UNDP Website) Target 1: Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS ( 4 indicators ) Target 2: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it ( 1 indicator ) Target 3: Have halted and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases ( 3 malaria indicators and 2 tuberculosis indicators )
Indicators for HIV/AIDS Target 6a: Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS 6.1 HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years 6.2 Condom use at last high-risk sex 6.3 Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS 6.4 Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non- orphans aged 10-14 years Target 6b: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it 6.5 Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
HIV 2007 (WHO report) 33.2 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) globally A reduction of 16% in global prevalence compared to 2005 (UNAIDS 2007) – revision of global epidemiological statistics and HIV prevention efforts. 22.5 million PLHIV (35% of global HIV burden) were living in southern Africa 1.7 million new HIV infections in 2007, 32% were in southern Africa (UNAIDS 2007)
UNDP Report on HIV/AIDS HIV prevalence has leveled off in the developing world, but deaths form AIDS continue to rise in sub-Saharan Africa Though access to AIDS treatment has expanded, the need continues to grow In hardest hit areas, more that half of those living with HIV are women Prevention measures are failing to keep pace with the spread of HIV Care of orphans is an enormous social problem, which will only get worse as more patients die of AIDS.
Malaria Target 6c: Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases 6.6 Incidence and death rates associated with malaria 6.7 Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets 6.8 Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
Malaria Figures 3.3 billion people at risk of malaria in 2006 1.2 billion at high risk (>1 case/1000 population) mainly in the WHO African (49%) and South East Asia Region (37%) Estimated 247 million episodes of malaria in 2006 80% of cases in Africa are from 13 countries Estimated 881,000 malaria deaths in 2006
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