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2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic. 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic A global view of HIV infection 33 million people [30–36 million] living.

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Presentation on theme: "2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic. 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic A global view of HIV infection 33 million people [30–36 million] living."— Presentation transcript:

1 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic

2 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic A global view of HIV infection 33 million people [30–36 million] living with HIV, 2007

3 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic TOTAL 2.0 million [1.8 – 2.3 million] 0.8% [0.7% - 0.9%] 2.7 million [2.2 – 3.2 million] 33 million [30 – 36 million] Adult & child deaths due to AIDS Adult prevalence (15 49) [%] Adults & children newly infected with HIV Adults & children living with HIV The ranges around the estimates in this table define the boundaries within which the actual numbers lie, based on the best available information. Regional HIV and AIDS statistics and features, 2007 North America Eastern Europe & Central Asia Latin America South and South-East Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Oceania Western & Central Europe Caribbean East Asia Middle East & North Africa [9100 – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] 1.5 million [1.3 – 1.7 million] [ – ] 0.6% [0.4% – 1.0%] 0.8% [0.6% – 1.1%] 0.5% [0.4% – 0.6%] 0.3% [0.2% – 0.4%] 5.0% [4.6% – 5.4%] [9600 – ] [ – ] [ – ] 1.9 million [1.6 – 2.1 million] 1000 [<1000 – 1400] 8000 [4800 – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] 0.4% [0.3% – 0.5%] 0.3% [0.2% – 0.4%] 1.1% [1.0% – 1.2%] 0.1% [<0.1% – 0.2%] 0.3% [0.2% – 0.4%] [ – ] [14000 – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] 22.0 million [20.5 – 23.6 million] 1.2 million [ – 2.0 million] 1.5 million [1.1 – 1.9 million] 1.7 million [1.5 – 2.1 million] 4.2 million [3.5 – 5.3 million] [ – ] [ – 1.0 million] [ – ] [ – 1.1 million] [ – ]

4 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic HIV prevalence (%) among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1997–2007 NOTE: Analysis restricted to consistent surveillance sites for all countries except South Africa (by province) and Swaziland (by region) Southern Africa Median HIV prevalence (%) 50 Botswana Lesotho Mozambique Namibia South Africa Swaziland Zimbabwe 1997– – West Africa Median HIV prevalence (%) Median HIV prevalence (%) Eastern Africa 1997– – – – Ethiopia Kenya Burkina Faso Côte d'Ivoire Ghana Senegal

5 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic HIV prevalence (%) among 15–24 years old, by sex, selected countries, 2005– % HIV prevalence Swaziland South Africa Zimbabwe Central African Republic Côte d'Ivoire Sierra Leone Rwanda Haiti Guinea Ethiopia Benin DR Congo Niger Senegal Cambodia India Uganda Chad Dominican Republic Mali Female Male

6 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic

7 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic

8 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic

9 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Number and percentage of HIV-positive pregnant women receiving antiretroviral prophylaxis, 2004– Number of HIV-positive pregnant women receiving antiretrovirals Year % of HIV-positive pregnant women receiving antiretrovirals Source: UNAIDS, UNICEF & WHO, 2008; data provided by countries.

10 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Median percentage of population reached with HIV prevention services within the specified legal environment Sex workers (N=42) Injecting drug users (N=17) Men having sex with men (N=28) Median percentage of population reached with HIV prevention services (UNGASS indicator 9) Countries reporting having non- discrimination laws/regulations with protection for this population Countries reporting NOT having non- discrimination laws/regulations with protection for this population Source: UNGASS Country Progress Reports 2008

11 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among young people (ages 15–24), 1999– – – % Year Male Female 2005 Target 2010 Target Source: MEASURE DHS (2008)

12 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Percentage of most-at-risk populations reached with HIV prevention programmes, 2005–2007 Sex workers Injecting drug users Men having sex with men % Median 60.4%* (39 countries) 46.1%** (15 countries) 40.1%* (27 countries) * Percentage of sex workers and men having sex with men reported knowing where they can receive an HIV test and that they were given condoms. ** Percentage of injecting drug users who reported knowing where they could receive an HIV test and be provided with condoms and sterile injecting needles and syringes. Source: UNGASS Country Progress Reports 2008

13 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Number of people receiving antiretroviral drugs in low- and middle income countries, Source: Data provided by UNAIDS & WHO, end end end end Millions Year end end North Africa and the Middle East Eastern Europe and Central Asia East, South and South-East Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Sub-Saharan Africa

14 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic

15 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Per capita HIV expenditures from domestic public sources in low- and middle-income countries, 2004–2007 Year US$ Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income countries Rest of the world Upper middle income countries Rest of the world Low and lower middle income countries Sub-Saharan Africa Low and lower middle income countries (9.89) (1.17) (0.63) (0.14) (12.01) (2.04) (1.15) (0.20)


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