Presentation on theme: "Expository and Persuasive Essay Overview of Requirements"— Presentation transcript:
1 Expository and Persuasive Essay Overview of Requirements FCAT WritingExpository and Persuasive Essay Overview of Requirements
2 Parts of an Expository/Persuasive Essay Essay must be separated into paragraphsThe Introduction must:Capture the readers attention through the use of anecdotes, imagery, figurative language, precise vocabulary, etc.Include the thesis statement (tell the reader what the story/essay is about)The body paragraphs must:Include a topic statement and or statements.Include “organic” transitions.Include a varied placement of topic sentences.Focus on ONE topic per paragraph only.
3 Parts of an Expository/Persuasive Essay The conclusion should include:The reasons stated in a new way.A connection to the introduction.A thought provoking, memorable phrase or sentence that leaves the reader with a sense of completeness or wonder.A persuasive essay should have all the aforementioned elements, but in addition it should:Evoke emotionContain strong, commanding/emotional language but be LOGICAL.Appeal to good morals and ethics.
4 Vertical Alignment to Show Differences Between Holistic Scoring Points Examination of Criteria by Score Point123456Focusaddresses topic, may lose focus with extraneous or loosely related ideasaddresses topic, may lose focus by including extraneous or loosely related ideaswriting is focused but may contain ideas that are loosely connectedwriting is focused; few, if any, loosely related ideaswriting is focusedwriting is focused and purposeful, reflecting insight into writing situationOrganizationmay have organizational pattern; may lack sense of completeness or closureorganizational pattern usually includes beginning, middle, and ending, but those elements may be brieforganizational pattern is demonstrated, but may lack logical progression of ideasorganizational pattern is apparent and strengthened by use of transitional devicesorganizational pattern provides for logical progression of ideas; transitional devices give a sense of completenessorganizational pattern provides for a logical progression of ideas; transitional devices give a sense of completenessSupportlittle development of supporting ideas; may consist of generalizations or fragmentary lists; word choice is limited or inappropriate and obscure meaningdevelopment of support may be erratic and nonspecific; ideas may be repeated; word choice is limited, predictable or vaguedevelopment of support is uneven; word choice is adequatesupport is consistently developed, but may lack specificity; adequate word choicesupport is developed through ample use of specific details and examples; mature command of languagesupport is substantial, specific, relevant, concrete; mature command of language; commitment to and involvement with subject; may use creative writing strategiesConventionsfrequent and blatant errors in basic conventions including errors in sentence structure; mechanics, usage and punctuation, commonly used words misspellederrors may occur in basic conventions including sentence structure; mechanics, usage and punctuation, commonly words are spelled correctlysome variation in sentence structure; conventions are generally followed (mechanics, usage, punctuation)variation in sentence structure is demonstrated; conventions are generally followed (mechanics, usage, punctuation, spelling)variation in sentence structure; conventions are generally followed (mechanics, usage, punctuation, spelling)sentence structure is varied; conventional errors are few (mechanics, usage, punctuation, spelling)
5 4 Areas of Instruction Focus Support Organization Conventions topic subtopicon topicoff-topiccentral ideamain ideaunimportant detail based on the writing planconcept map2-column notespower notescontent framenotesextraneouskind of paper (mode) -narrative, expository, persuasive, descriptiveleadopening sentences, grabbersSupportrepetitiondeletedreplaceadditionsprecisevagueword choicevoicestatementextend, elaboratesupportoverusedsupporting idea/detailsuitablestyletoneOrganizationtransitional wordstransitional devicesconnecting ideassmooth connectionbetween eventsafter eventauthor organizessequence of eventschronological orderconclusionsauthor beginsauthor endsorganize to list, compareConventionscapitalizationcontractionscomma usagesemi-colon usagecolon usagenoun/pronoun agreementhomophones/homonymsendings (s & ed)verb tenseverb “to be”irregular pluralssubject/verb agreementcomparisons - more, most, -er, -estprepositions that refer to quantity – between, amongcommon spelling rules5
6 Understanding The Writing Prompt Specific writing taskWriting situationSomething to think about
7 Useful Transitions To Emphasize a Point To Clarify To Add Information To Conclude or SummarizeAgainFor this reasonIndeedIn factTo emphasizeTo repeatTrulyWith this in mindBecause ofFor exampleFor instanceIn other wordsPut another wayThat isAnotherBesidesEqually ImportantFurthermoreMoreoverAlong withAs wellAll in allAs a resultFinallyConsequentlyThusThereforeDue toIn short
8 More Transitions… Moreover Similarly In fact Likewise Furthermore It follows thatAs a resultNaturallySimply putBy comparisonFor this reasonSurely
9 Developing the Paragraph Facts/statistics-statements that can be provenSensory Details-descriptions that use the sensesIncidents-events that illustrate the main ideaExamples-specific cases or instancesQuotations-the words of experts or authorities
10 Building Support Precise Word Choice (Word Array) Vocabulary Activities (Synonyms/Antonyms;Multiple meanings of wordsFIRES (facts, incidents, reasons, examples, statistics)Sensory DetailsFigurative Language DevicesVoiceShow Don’t TellMagnified MomentsDialogueVivid verbs and adjectives