INDAI PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Indian SUBCONTINENT large landmass, smaller than a continent also called South Asia Includes: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka INDIA PAKISTAN NEPAL BHUTAN BANGLADESH MALDIVES SRI LANKA
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY - MOUNTAINS HINDU KUSH “mountains of India” northwest separates South Asia from Central Asia
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY - MOUNTAINS Eastern & Western Ghats smaller mountain ranges separate India’s east and west coasts from the country’s interior
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY - MOUNTAINS Himalayas stretch about 1,500 miles northern border separates India from China formed by collision of tectonic plates world’s highest mountains home of Mt. Everest around 29,035 miles
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY - RIVERS Ganges River originate in the Himalayas India’s most important river flows across northern India & into Bangladesh
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY - RIVERS Indus River originates in the Himalayas located in modern-day Pakistan today – Pakistan’s most densely populated region home to the earliest Indian civilizations (Indus River Valley) INDUS RIVER
WHY ARE THESE GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES IMPORTANT? MOUNTAINSRIVERS Himalayas – provides source of water that empties into the Ganges River AND Indus River often times create natural boundary between regions/countries provide protection from invaders mode of transportation/easy way to travel a way to trade goods with other groups source of water drinking, cooking, cleaning seasonal floods deposit fertile silt (soil) along the banks of rivers Allows for development of agriculture using irrigation systems source of food provides building material
YOUR ASSIGNMENT 1. eBackpack – Geography of India 2. Geography Challenge Handout Use History Alive! and student atlas Finish for homework if needed. We will go over this assignment in class tomorrow. If you need to finish for homework, be sure to bring home your student atlas. The pages of History Alive! have been scanned and placed on my teacher website.