Presentation on theme: " 1.6 billion people One of the most densely populated regions on Earth India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives,"— Presentation transcript:
1.6 billion people One of the most densely populated regions on Earth India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Nepal India makes up a majority of the land in South Asia Subcontinent: Large landmass that is smaller than a continent
Himalaya Mountains : 1,500-mile-long range of mountains; Highest on earth › Create a massive wall that separates the Indian subcontinent from the interior of Asia Hindu Kush Mountains: In Afghanistan and Pakistan Eastern and Western Ghats: Low-lying mountain ranges around the Deccan Plateau in India A view of the Himalayas from Kathmandu, India. Himalaya is a Sanskrit word that literally means "abode of snow."
Deccan Plateau: Located south of the great plains › ½ of South Asia › Millions of farms › High, flat land are rivers
Rivers On the Indo-Gangetic Plain › Indus River: Principal river of Pakistan › Brahmaputra River: Begins in the Himalayas in Tibet and joins the Ganges River at the massive Ganges- Brahmaputra Delta in Bangladesh › Ganges River: Begins in Himalayas; joins the Brahmaputra in Bangladesh; empties into Bay of Bengal Most holy river for Hindus
Tropical in the south and temperate in the north Rainfall varies by region (some areas have tropical rainforests) Often inconsistent and violent 4 seasons › Cool, dry (Dec.-Feb.) › Hot, dry (March-May) › Wet (June-Sept.—monsoon) › Drier monsoon (Oct.-Nov.)
Monsoon: Seasonal wind that dominates the climate of South Asia › Key to life for farmers: need the rain that the monsoon winds bring › Issues: Sometimes there is too much rain and sometimes there is too little › Wet monsoon: Late May or early June › Dry monsoon: October Flooding in Bangladesh from the monsoons