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Ch 23 PP1 Unit 8 – Chapter 23 The Physical Geography of South Asia.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch 23 PP1 Unit 8 – Chapter 23 The Physical Geography of South Asia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch 23 PP1 Unit 8 – Chapter 23 The Physical Geography of South Asia

2 Ch 23 PP2 I. Section I The Land

3 Ch 23 PP3 A. A Separate Land  Subcontinent – a large distinct landmass that is joined to a continent The seven countries in this region are separated from the rest of Asia by mountains  Most of South Asia is a peninsula

4 Ch 23 PP4 B. A Land of Great Variety  The Himalayas Theory – the force of the collision between the subcontinent & Asia formed these  Mt. Everest – highest peak in the world – located here – 29,035ft. – border of Nepal & China

5 Ch 23 PP5 K2 (Godwin Austin) – 2 nd highest peak – 28,250ft. – Pakistan

6 Ch 23 PP6 A Land of Great Variety (cont.)  Other Northern Landforms Karakoram Mtns., Hindu Kush  In the past, invaders could only enter through the Khyber Pass Ganges Plain (or Indo-Gangetic Plain)  1/10 of the world’s population lives here!

7 Ch 23 PP7 B. (cont)  Central Landforms Vindhya Range – also “pushed-up” by the collision  Divides India into northern & southern regions  Southern Landforms Eastern & Western Ghats – form a triangle  Between them lies the Deccan Plateau

8 Ch 23 PP8 C. Major River Systems  Indus & Brahmaputra Rivers Indus flows mainly through Pakistan  Empties where? Brahmaputra flows through the Himalayas and then into India & Bangladesh  Joins with the Ganges to form a delta Where does the Brahmaputra empty? Brahmaputra – ‘braided’ river

9 Ch 23 PP9 Major River Systems (cont.)  Ganges River Most important river of this region! Its waters are considered to be sacred Ganges Plain is considered the world’s largest alluvial plain – India’s most densely populated area! Bathing in the Holy waters of the Ganges

10 Ch 23 PP10 D. Natural Resources  Water Rivers  Alluvial soil, drinking water, transportation, hydroelectric power Dams  In Pakistan, the Tarbela Dam, one of the largest dams in the world, will soon be unusable! (Built up silt from the Indus)  Energy Resources Petroleum, natural gas, uranium  Minerals Leading exporter of iron ore Mica – layered rock used to make electric equipment (90% of world) - India Sri Lanka – one of the world’s largest producers of graphite  Timber Very important to this region!  Economy & Soil

11 Ch 23 PP11 II. Section II Climate & Vegetation Rampur, India

12 Ch 23 PP12 A. South Asia’s Climates  Tropical & Subtropical Climates Tropical Rain Forest & Tropical Savanna  Highlands Climate Northern edge of region  Dry Climates Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert) Steppe

13 Ch 23 PP13 B. Monsoons Monsoon Rains –Monsoons – Seasonal Winds –Rains needed for crops –Sometimes they cause floods though! Natural Disasters –Drought, Floods, Cyclones

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