7 Hindu KushThe Hindu Kush is the mountain range that was the pathway for many of the earliest inhabitants of northern India.
8 4. Major Rivers Indus River Ganges River Two great rivers rise in the mountains which are fed by melting snow from the Himalayas as well as rain and make farming possible.Indus RiverGanges River
9 4. Major RiversIndia has two very fertile river valleys that are fed by the mountains in Northern India.
10 5. climateThe climates of India differ greatly from the snow-covered peaks of the Himalayas to the dry Thar DesertHumid subtropical climate: hot, humid summers with plenty of rainfall in the plains south of HimalayasTropical climate: warm temperatures all yearHumid tropical: warm temperatures and heavy rains to southwest IndiaDry climate: in the southern and western part of India
12 6. MonsoonsMonsoons are strong winds that blow across the region at certain times of the yearJune-October: summer monsoons bring moist air up from the Indian Ocean which causes heavy rains and floodingNovember-January: winter monsoons change directions which brings dry air from the mountains in the north and there is little rain fallPeople depend on the summer monsoon for life-giving rain such as providing water for crops
16 6. monsoons If the monsoon is late or weak, crops die causing famine If it brings too much rain, the rivers overflow and it may cause deadly floodsAs long as the rain comes on time and lasts long enough, the Indian farmers will be able to produce food
17 7. Resources Natural resources occur naturally within environments Ex. Sunlight and airA wide variety of resources are found in IndiaAgricultural and mineral resources are the most abundant
18 resourcesAgricultural resources such as fertile soil produce crops like tea, rice, nuts, and jute (for making rope)Timber and livestock are also importantMineral resources such as large deposits of iron ore, coal, natural gas reserves, and gemstones
19 8. Discussion QuestionHow do you think that the geography of India will play a role in the development of ancient civilizations here?