Migrate: To move to a new location Push factors: factor that causes people to leave their current location Pull factors: factor that attracts people to a new location Multiculturalism: The preservation of distinct cultural identities among varied groups within a unified society Ethnocentric: believing one’s own culture is superior to others.
Prejudice: unfavourable judgment or ignorant bias often based on factors such as race, ethnicity, or gender Discrimination: unfair treatment based on race, language, religion, culture or other factors Emigrate: to leave one’s country, or region to settle in another Refugees: People who are displaced, either from their home country or from their homew within their home country, and are seeking refuge elsewhere.
There are a number of reasons that cause people to move to a new place. Geographers divide the reasons into two categories: PUSH FACTORSPULL FACTORS Lack of freedom War Famine Poverty Climate change Natural disasters Unemployment Greater economic opportunity Availability of land Reunion of families Climate Discovery of resources Access to technology Democratic political system
Canada attempts to promote an identity based on peace, justice, human rights, and multiculturalism. Canada has a reputation of welcoming immigrants from all over the world.
How do we decide who can immigrate to Canada? The government controls immigration; who can come into Canada and how many. It depends on the economic situation of Canada at the time.
Canada’s immigration policy has not always been “fair”. It was ethnocentric: People whose culture was similar to Canada’s were considered to be the best immigrants for Canada. (Britain, USA, Europe) People from outside of these regions (Asia and Africa) were discriminated agains base on their race, religion, or culture.
1900’s- African-American farmers from the United States were turned away because officials said they were not suited to our climate. Chinese Immigration Act 1923- forbade entry of Chinese people into Canada. 1930’s- Canada was unwilling to accept Jewish Refugees. Some Jewish refugees who did make it, were put into prison camps.
Recreate the Chart on Page 61 into your notebooks. It should be titled: “ IMMIGRATION TO CANADA: 1870-2004” In point form (using your text pages 60-61) explain the following changes in the Graph: ▪ Extreme increase in immigration before 1920 ▪ Extreme decrease in the 1920’s and 1930’s ▪ Steady increase in immigration after 1940