Immigrants make up 98% of Canadians This explains why Canada is described as a Multicultural Society The mix of ethnic groups in different parts of Canada varies widely from province to province Canada has been receiving immigrants for hundreds of years which has helped to increase Canada’s total population
Since 1867, the number of immigrants has varied enormously from year to year In 1913, the annual total of immigrants reached 400,000 people Recently however, about 200,000 immigrants arrive each year to Canada These differences can be traced to a variety of political and economic factors both in Canada and the rest of the world
The major sources of immigrants have changed greatly over the years In the past, most immigrants came from Europe Today, most immigrants come from Asian, African, and South American countries People have come from every part of the world seeking a better life.
People become immigrants because of either Push Factors or Pull factors PUSH FACTOR = Factor such as unemployment or the lack of freedom of speech, that makes people want to leave their country and move to another one PULL FACTOR = Factor such as freedom of speech or employment opportunities that attract a person to a country.
Potential immigrants may face intervening obstacles that may discourage or even stop a person from immigrating to another country These intervening obstacles may include: Immigration requirements Distance Cost of immigration fear
There exists an uneven distribution of immigrants within Canada The provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec and Alberta remain a favourite destination for immigrants Most immigrants settle in large cities such as Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal 40% of all immigrants choose Toronto
These cities have large populations of various cultural groups that can support… Stores Entertainment facilities Religious organizations Cultural organizations Other familiar products and services Employment opportunities
When someone immigrates to Canada they become a landed immigrant The Canadian government has strict rules to decide who will be admitted to the country Without these restrictions, far more people would want to come to Canada than we could accommodate Landed immigrant – Canadian immigrant with permanent resident status who is not yet a Canadian citizen
Canada accepts three types of immigrants 1. Independent immigrants 2. Family immigrants 3. refugees
There are two types of independent immigrants: Skilled worker Business class The Canadian government uses a point system to determine which people should be allowed into Canada
This category allows Canadian residents (both citizens and landed immigrants) to reunite their families by bringing their close relatives to Canada Every family immigrant must be sponsored by a relative in Canada The sponsor agrees to provide housing and other needs for ten years The risks associated with sponsorship, along with stricter government rules, make it harder to sponsor family members
A refugee is someone who fears persecution or even death in his/her home country To be considered a refugee, this persecution must arise for reasons of Religion Race/nationality Political opinion Membership in a particular group Natural disasters Human disasters Typically, the number of refugees coming to Canada ranges from 24,000 to 32,000 people each year