2 Immigrant: A person who comes to a new country to live there permanently Emigrant: A person who moves away from a country permanently
3 Canada ImmigrationImmigrants or descendants of immigrants make up 98% of CanadiansAs a result, Canada’s population can be described as multicultural
4 Where Do People Immigrate From? Answer the above question in your head, and think of reasons why they you think they are immigrating to Canada from there country.
5 Where Do People Immigrate From? This has changed immensely in the last 100 yearslate 1800s and early 1900s - EuropeSince then we have seen large numbers of people from African countries and parts of AsiaMost immigrants today come from Eastern Asia (China, India, Hong Kong)Refugees change every year, depending on politics
6 Canada ImmigrationPull Factors - qualities that attract you to that countryFreedomPeaceJobsEducationPolitical ReasonsEnvironment (climate, housing, medical care)Family ties
7 Canada Immigration Push Factors - reasons for leaving a country Loss of jobRecessionViolenceOppressionPovertyWarFearNatural Disasters
8 Canada Immigration Why Choose Canada? Large landmass, abundant natural resources & small populationDemocratic, open societyMulticultural population welcoming to newcomersWell developed infrastructure, health, educational and other systemsHighly industrialized, vibrant economy with many opportunities for skilled workers & business persons
9 Canada Immigration Benefits of Immigration Increase population Economic GainIncrease in cultural diversityIncrease in standard of living in the part ofimmigrantsA younger workforceSkilled workers
10 3 Types of Immigrants Independent Immigrants Family Class Immigrants Refugees
11 Points SystemTo get into Canada Independent immigrants must achieve a certain amount of points.Must score a total of 67/100For Family and Refugee’s, acceptance is based on other criteria relating to circumstance and other family already here.
12 Independent Immigrants These are immigrants that come to Canada aloneThey are accepted based on a point system, and there are two sub-types.67 points as a skilled worker will get you in.35 points as a business immigrant as well as enough $$$ will get you in.
13 Family Class Immigrants To allow people to reunite with their family, partners, and spouses.Every family immigrant must be sponsored by a relative in Canada.Sponsors are financially responsible for 10 years.
14 Canada Immigration Refugees A refugee is someone who fears persecution (or even death) in his or her home countryRace, Religion, Nationality, political leaning, appearance, membership to particular social group.People can apply to become a refugee while in Canada as a visitor or while living in their home country
15 Canada Immigration Refugees The number of refugees coming to Canada ranges from to each yearUN recognized Canada with a special award because of Canada’s treatment ofrefugees over the years
16 Canada Immigration Why does Canada accept refugees? increase populationAccepted for humanitarian reasons:- Canada has the resources to helpCultural connections
17 Canada Immigration 1.Philippines 2.India 3.China 4.Britain Top 10 countries that immigrated to Canada (2010)1.Philippines2.India3.China4.Britain5.United States6.France7.Iran8.United Arab Emirates9.Morocco10.France
18 Canada Immigration The number of immigrants for each province and TerritoryOntario (115,000) ,114Québec (26,000) 53,982British Columbia (45,000) 44,183Alberta (15,000) 32,642Nova Scotia (3,800) Manitoba: 15,809Manitoba (3,600) Saskatchewan: 7,615Saskatchewan (1900) PEI: 2,581Newfoundland (600) Nova Scotia: 2,408New Brunswick (600) 2,125PEI (200) New Foundland: 714Yukon Territories (100)North West Territories (100)Nunavut
19 Do You Qualify? Group 1: Age: 27 Education: High School Experience: 3 yearsEnglish: High ProficiencyFrench: No ProficiencyNo arrange employmentNo SpouseHave family in Canada
20 Do You Qualify? Group 2 Age: 52 Education: Doctoral Degree Experience: 4 YearsEnglish: Moderate ProficiencyFrench: Moderate ProficiencyArranged EmploymentMarried: Spouse has university degreeHave family in Canada
21 Do You Qualify Group 3 Age: 37 Education: One Year Diploma with 12 years experienceExperience: 2 years recentEnglish: Basic ProficiencyFrench: Moderate ProficiencyNo arrange employmentMarried – spouse has PHDNo family